Recent Question/Assignment

Due date: 29th March 11:59 pm AEST/ AEDT
Word limit: All submissions should not exceed the given word limits.
Assignment won’t be marked after the given word limit for question/part / overall assignment has reached.
For example: If the given word limit for an assessment/ question is 300 words, anything after 300 words + extra 10% will NOT be marked. So, be very careful when preparing your assessment. For any confusion regarding word limits, contact your course co-ordinator.
Late Submission of Assignment: As per University of Newcastle policies, the marks for an assessment item submitted after the designated time on the due date, without an approved extension of time, will be reduced by 10% of the possible maximum mark for that assessment item for each day or part day that the assessment item is late. Note: this applies equally to week and weekend days.
Submission: Assignment (both Part A and B) has to be prepared as a single Word document and then submitted via Turnitin Portal -- Situated within this Marked Assignment 1 Folder.
Assignment 1 A – MCQs
Will be available on Blackboard
Assignment 1 B – Short Questions and Answers
This assignment will cover content from Module 2 – Module 5 (Burden of Disease; SDoH & Healthy
Public Policy; Globalisation & Health Inequalities)
Marks allocation: Total: 20 marks
Question 1: 6 Marks
The social or ecological determinants of health are the ways in which elements of the social, economic, and physical environments interact with individual biological factors and behaviours and shape the health status of individuals, families, communities and nations. These social determinants of health (SDoH) have been presented via various frameworks- See Figures 1 and 2.
Figure 1: Multi-level approach to the determinants of Health.
Source: The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2002.
Figure 2: The Dahlgren-Whitehead model of Social Determinants of Health
Source: Dahlgren G, Whitehead M. 1991. Policies and Strategies to Promote Social Equity in Health. Stockholm, Sweden: Institute for Futures Studies.
a. Adopt any of these conceptual frameworks to discuss various ‘Levels of Causes of Malaria’ as a health issue. 3 marks Word limit: 200 words
b. Give examples of Macro, Meso, and Micro level (Upstream, Midstream, Downstream) level policy or prevention methods for each level of causes of Malaria. 3 marks Use the table given below to present your answers.
Word limit: 250 words
Level of Cause Malaria – Specific Mechanisms Prevention methods/ Policy
Distal/ Social
Macro level-
Meso level-
Micro level-
Question 2: 5 Marks
Write a short report on ‘COVID-19: Health and social inequalities and inequities’. 5 marks
For this report, identify ONE population group at increased risk of experiencing health and social inequities and inequalities due to COVID -19. Your short report must be structured under clear subheadings (Introduction, Discussion, Conclusion, References). It must also be properly researched, and thoroughly referenced (with in-text citations and a reference list at the end).
Word limit = 400 words
Question 3:
The policy and the policy development process are inherently political. Policy development is not circular, let alone linear. Rather policy development is a web of interconnected actions, influences, and outcomes. Policy-making on a government level very complex as it includes many actors and processes. These stages of policy development “sometimes occur simultaneously, sometimes appear in inverse order and are sometimes rapidly skirted” as seen in the Figure below.
Figure: Policy Development Stages
Source: Benoit, F. (2013). Public Policy Models and Their Usefulness in Public Health: The Stages Model. Montréal, Québec: National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy
Australia has been a world leader in using 'healthy public policy approaches' such as road safety policies and legislations to address road traffic accidents. Over the past 40 years, there have been numerous policy developments around road safety that have helped to reduce fatalities and injuries on our roads.
Using the Walt & Gilson (1994) policy triangle model/ framework (See the figure below), describe the Context, Process, Content, and Actors for ONE of the several road safety policies in Australia. 5 marks
Figure: Walt and Gilson Policy Triangle Framework.
Source: Gill Walt, Lucy Gilson, Reforming the health sector in developing countries: the central role of policy analysis, Health Policy and Planning, Volume 9, Issue 4, December 1994, Pages 353–370
Word limit = 500 words
Note: You can use innovative ways (figures, tables etc) to present this response
Question 4:
Choose a country or location.
a. Prepare an exhaustive list of positive and negative impacts of globalisation on the ageing population in a location of your choice. 2 marks
b. Summarize at least challenges of creating a 'healthy public policy', targeted to address negative impacts of globalisation on the ageing population. 2 marks
Note: You can choose one or more negative impacts listed in Part i and focus on them for Part ii.
Word limit = Part i is an exhaustive list
Part ii: 200 words