Recent Question/Assignment

Length: Report (2500-4000 words approx.)
Group Assessment: No
Submission method options: Alternative submission method
TASK
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You are required to prepare for this Assessment Item by:
1. READING the Subject outline,
2. COMPLETING Topic 4 Research Writing for Task 1 Final Report
3. COMPLETING Topic 5 Communicating a report (oral presentation) for Task 2 Presentation
IEEE Format Report Word Length: The word length for this Report is 2500 to 4000 words approx. or 4 to 6 pages in this type of double column/single line spacing format. However check the word length yourself as this may vary due to the nature of the project or advice from your lecturer. The upper limit is usually set at 6000 words. You are the best judge at this stage on length, together with advice from your lecturer. Your Report as Task 1 and Seminar Presentation as Task 2 can be done with some variation as long as you complete the TWO steps as described below and use the marking criteria as a checklist to align your work for each task.
WHAT TO DO:
You will be asked to communicate about your project in both written and oral formats:
1. Task 1: Final Report (in an IEEE format) 25%
2. Task 2: Seminar Presentation 20%
The seminar is an oral, live to class or pre-recorded presentation as advised by your lecturer, as to the best format and presentation logistics for each class.
Submit to Turnitin both a cover page with Blog address (or Cloud site access link for big files), the IEEE style Final Report and the Seminar presentation file (or cloud site access or Website etc.). Turnitin can accept files sizes up to 200Mb, but if you have issues such as timeout, then use a Cloud site like Google Drive, OneDrive, iCloud or Dropbox etc.
The intended audience could be your peers as well as invited guests and academics.
1. TASK 1 Final Report as a paper in IEEE format - 25%
1. The final report can discuss the results, findings, conclusion and lessons learnt from your Project Research Aims and Outcomes and be written in an IEEE Journal format.
2. The headings and sections within your IEEE format can follow the IMRAD structure (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion). This is a common structure to follow for a journal article of original research. IMRAD refers to the use of the section headings is highlighted in bold below, but you can ADD other section headings if required - as shown in lower case example of an IMRAD structure for your final report:
TITLE
(Try to limit the title length to 10-12 words)
ABSTRACT
(The Abstract summarises the Introduction, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion. This is worth 5% of the Task 1 mark of 25% and is a single paragraph (=200 words)
INTRODUCTION
(The Introduction section explains the background, a clear gap analysis and relevant research questions. ?
METHODS
(Methodology section usually explains the techniques used, in particular to the data collection and data analysis to be carried out).
RESULTS
(Results reveal relevant figures and facts. The results are supported by proper textual explanations).
DISCUSSION
(Discussion of the results is designed logically to answer the research questions with a critical approach).
CONCLUSION
(Conclusion reveals the flow of information from the discussion and it is coherent ending of the findings and can signpost further research).
Acknowledgements Option
REFERENCES
(References are APA compliant. All references are cited in the text and the bibliographical data is mentioned correctly. In-text citation is placed with the right format and in the right place).
3. NOTE: Your lecturer will advise you on the further details required in writing and presenting this final report for ITC571, and provide you with a template as the actual or modified IEE format.
4. A modified IEEE format that many choose is the same as chosen by the IBM Journal of Research & Development, but other formats maybe recommended to you by your lecturer. See the IEEE template selector at https://template-selector.ieee.org/ for the choice is large.
5. The Report must begin with an Abstract section worth 5% and is a single paragraph (=200 words) that summarizes the significant aspects of the project. Often it indicates whether the report of new work (experiment (development project), comparison of case studies, survey , a literature review or an overview, or a combination of each. Do not cite references in the abstract.
6. Ensure that the Project Report is your own work and has not been submitted elsewhere and complies with the University's requirements for academic integrity.
7. Here is a snapshot below of a simple IEEE formated paper in the format as used by the IBM Journal of Research & Development. Note the Abstract is a single paragraph of 197 words):

8. References must be cited in the text within brackets in numerical order, starting with [1] and in APA7 style later in the References section.
9. NOTE: the content of the IEEE formatted Report can also be a the source for developing the script or outline for the presentation seminar in Task 2.
2. TASK 2 Oral Presentation Seminar - 20%
1. According to your study mode, the seminar can be done either of two ways:
1. pre-recorded video presentation - if studying online mode then technical production of the audio and video is considered in lieu of question time.
2. live to class of peers - if studying on campus, post Covid-19 restrictions, then question time is not part of the presentation time.
2. The time has been deliberately limited to 10 minutes to force you into selecting the most appropriate subset of information to present for this situation and you will be heavily penalised if you take more than 15 minutes.
3. NOTE: If doing a pre-recorded video presentation (MP4 file: Panopto (CSU Replay), ZOOM, YouTube, Vimeo etc. OR Voice-over-PowerPoint) then try to make the recording go for 6 to 10 minutes will vary and can be stored on a cloud site with link access given for marking.
4. The seminar should be accompanied by appropriate audio/visual tools such as a set of presentation slides or examples of hardware/software/systems that are necessary for the audience to understand and follow your presentation.
5. On campus students can ask your local supervisor for the date, time you will be presenting.
6. Presenting a seminar also demonstrates that you have understood the project work that has been carried out.
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RATIONALE
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This assessment task will assess the following learning outcome/s:
• be able to apply project management and information and communication technologies (ICT) tools to plan, execute, record and present their research and project work as a capstone experience.
• be able to demonstrate advanced communication skills in transmitting their capstone experiences and ideas.
• be able to justify to an audience of peers any conclusions and professional decisions made that contribute to creating new knowledge.
MARKING CRITERIA AND STANDARDS
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Criteria HD DI CR PS
Final Report Style
IEEE format/IMRAD structure
Applies the skills and tools needed in project closure, academic writing, advanced communication and presentation skills in IEEE format with IMRAD structural section headings.
10.00
Reporting demonstrates highly advanced skills in academic communication and presentation skills in using IEEE format with IMRAD structural section headings.
8.50 to 10.00
Reporting demonstrates high-level skills in academic communication and presentation skills in using an IEEE format with IMRAD structural section headings.
7.50 to 8.49
Reporting demonstrates competent skills in academic communication and presentation skills in using an IEEE format with IMRAD structural section headings.
6.50 to 7.49
Reporting demonstrates the basic skills in academic communication and presentation skills. Some of the IEEE formatting or IMRAD structural section headings needed more work.
5.00 to 6.49
Final Report Abstract
The 200-word Abstract is an accurate summary of the Introduction, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion of the whole report.
5.00 Abstract word length is 200 words and is an excellent summary of the Introduction, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion of the whole report.
4.25 to 5.00 Abstract word length is close to 200 words and is an very good summary of the Introduction, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion of the whole report.
3.75 to 4.24 Abstract word length is close to 200 words and is a good summary of the Introduction, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion of the whole report.
3.25 to 3.74 Abstract word length not close to 200 words but is a satisfactory summary of the Introduction, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion of the whole report.
2.50 to 3.24
Report Quality
Apply critical thinking, opinions, reflection; and findings are significant to the research problem, workplace, profession or for future publication. (If relevant, any data collection and its data analysis is clearly discussed). The report overall is relevant, critical and coherent.
METHODS
10.00 Report is relevant, critical and coherent and integrates and applies key concepts from the area(s) of study. Purposeful application to the research problem or workplace through critical thinking and reflection is evident. Report quality is at a level acceptable for consideration for publication, with further editing.
8.50 to 10.00 Report is mostly relevant, critical and coherent and integrates and applies many concepts from the area(s) of study in meaningful and application to the research problem, the workplace due to critical thinking and reflection.
7.50 to 8.49 Report lacks relevance and coherence in places and includes other experiences in information technology, with many instances of critical thinking and reflection for application to the research problem or the workplace.
6.50 to 7.49 Report lacked coherence and includes some other relevannt experiences in information technology, but has several instances of critical thinking and reflection that are able to be applied to the research problem or the workplace.
5.00 to 6.49
Seminar Content selection and presentation skills
Logical sequence and ease of presentation. Use of available time and overall organisation of the seminar.
5.00 Presents information in logical, interesting sequence that the audience can easily follow and delivered on time.
4.25 to 5.00 Presents information in logical sequence that the audience can follow and delivered close to time given.
3.75 to 4.24 Audience has difficulty following presentation because student jumps around but is close to being on time.
3.25 to 3.74 Audience cannot understand
some of the presentation
because there is no sequence of information and either falls short or goes over the time limit.
2.50 to 3.24
Seminar Presentation Skills.
Audience engagement and interest maintained. Expertise and ability is shown to justify results and conclusions to peers.
10.00

Demonstrates full knowledge (more than required) with
explanations and elaboration of the project in the report;
Maintains eye contact with
audience or the camera, seldom returning to notes.
Student uses a clear voice that all audience members or viewers can hear the presentation.
8.50 to 10.00 Demonstrates ease with explanations and willing to elaborate at times in the report.
Student maintains eye contact most of the time but frequently returns to notes.
Student's voice is clear. Student pronounces most words correctly. Most audience members or viewers can hear the presentation.
7.50 to 8.49 Demonstrates comfort with explanations, but fails to elaborate at times in the report.
Student occasionally uses eye contact, but still reads most of report from notes or the screen.
Student's voice is low. Student
incorrectly pronounces terms.
Audience members or viewers have difficulty hearing all the presentation.
6.50 to 7.49 Demonstrates just a basic does grasp of information about the project throughout the report; Student reads all of report with no eye contact or the video sounds like a prepared speech.
Student mumbles or incorrectly pronounces terms, and speaks too quietly audience members or viewers to hear.
5.00 to 6.49
Audience Interaction and Impact Skills
How well the questions were handled in the 'live' seminar.
OR
How well the technology was used for impact in the online video seminar: e.g. slides, content, audio, video and focus quality.
5.00 Answers all questions with detailed explanations and elaboration.
OR
The video demonstrated high technical skill or digital literacy with special effects, editing and visual design of content.
The audio and focus were loud and clear at all times.
4.25 to 5.00 Answers to all questions, but fails to elaborate at times.
OR
The video demonstrated competent technical skill with special effects, editing and visual design of content.
The audio and focus were loud and clear at all times.
3.75 to 4.24 Able to answer only rudimentary questions from the audience.
OR
The video demonstrated some technical skill with special effects, editing and visual design of content.
The audio and focus were mostly loud and clear.
3.25 to 3.74 Cannot answer all questions
about subject.
OR
The video demonstrated basic technical skill with camera, slides and screen recording.
The audio and focus were sufficiently lacking quality at times.
2.50 to 3.24
NOTES:
The Seminar Presentation may be marked using the following criteria which are all weighted equally, using a scale of 0 to 5 where the values indicate that the particular criterion was assessed as:
0 = totally unsatisfactory
1 = not met very well
2 = could be improved
3 = satisfactorily addressed
4 = met quite well
5 = excellent
It is expected that in most cases a satisfactory mark will be awarded. Higher marks will need to be earned by producing genuinely better than satisfactory performance in that criterion. The expected satisfactory standard is described below.
Presentation Seminar Checklist
________________________________________
The Presentation Seminar will achieve a satisfactory rating if using this as another checklist:
How well the key points were made:
? highlight the most important aspects of your presentation or leave the audience with a clear impression of any message that you are trying to convey
Ability to communicate:
? talk in a clear and easily understood manner, use language that is appropriate for the audience and vary the intonation and pace to emphasise particular aspects
Selection of appropriate aspects from the Capstone Report for the audience:
? choose the aspects of your investigations that are most relevant for this audience - choose a depth of treatment that is appropriate for this audience
Keeping to the point of the presentation:
? stick to the point of the presentation and not introduce digressions that you may think of during the presentation
Use of the available time:
? conclude your presentation close to the allocated 10 minutes and try not cram too much into the presentation so that it is too rushed or runs too far over time - also alter the pace or planned depth of treatment of some parts to remain on schedule
How well resources were used to support the presentation:
? use resources such as PowerPoint slides, handouts etc. to effectively support your presentation and manage the resources so that the audience is not distracted by them from the points you are trying to make
Organization of the presentation:
? arrange the components of your presentation in a logical sequence present information in an appropriate way
Degree to which the speaker appeared to be expert in that topic:
? demonstrate a degree of confidence in the subject matter to convince the audience that you know what you are talking about.
Audience engagement:
? look at the whole audience not just a small section, make eye contact with different parts of the audience and recognize when your audience is not understanding what you are trying to say and do something about it.
How well the video was made or the questions were handled in the live seminar:
? understand the question and if necessary engage in a dialogue to clarify the question - provide an answer that satisfies the questioner.
Other Presentation Seminar Requirements
? Use references not older than three years.
? Only list references that you have cited within your report.
? Be sure to cite (in the text) any references that you have used.
? Use APA referencing style.
? Full marks will be awarded for high accuracy and excellent descriptions.
? Satisfactory answers will score up to 75% of the allocated marks.
? Deductions will be made for major omissions, errors and over use of quotes.
? Poor referencing will result in deductions to the total mark.
________________________________________
PRESENTATION
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Either live in class for on-campus classes being offered in ITC571 or as pre-recorded video presentation (MP4 file, YouTube, Vimeo, Panopto, ZOOM, Voice-over-PowerPoint etc.) for online students of ITC571
Template for final assignment:
ITC571 – Emerging Technologies and Innovation
Instructions: Please remove all text that is between “ ” and “ ”
Add Project Title here
Subject Coordinator:
Put a picture here if you want to
Name: your name here
Student Number: your student number here


NOTE:
The final report assignment should bearound 4000 words, excluding the abstract and references and have the following sections:
Please use the “Grammar Check” link in the left side bar in Interact2 to check the grammar of your final report before submission.

Abstract: (altogether 200 words ±10%)

Give a brief overview of the Introduction, Methods, and Discussion of the findings of your work.Complete the abstract with the conclusion. You can write each of these points as a small paragraph.All of the mentioned sections should be found in the abstract or your journal synopsis.
The word number is crucial, so avoid the lower or higher than the mentioned count.


1. Introduction: (altogether 1500 words±10%)
Background (350 words ±10%)

Give a definition of the topic you are researching (a description, an argument or a proposal)

Significance (200 words±10%)

Tell your reader what is of interest to you for your research and how it is important to the domain (industry, government, users, etc.)

Gap Analysis (200 words±10%)

• Analyse the current unknown area in this domain
• State the problem(the narrow field you have researched)

Literature Review:(750words±10%)

• Describe the field of research and show your reader how you will organise your research (in sections with headings)
• Describe the research (what they did; how they did it; what technology they used) + evaluate the contribution the work makes to the field (i.e. why is this work important; how does it differ from other work)
o + show the limitations of the research (what did the researchers identify as limitations)
o + show what you think are omissions, gaps or limitations (you know this topic now; you should able to identify if they have not done something: gaps and limitations are the justification for doing this research)+ show how the research is valuable for your project (link it to your work).
• Identify relationships among studies in the same group
• Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you have found are relevantand directly related to your topic.

2. Methodology: (altogether 500 words±10%)
Method (100 words±10%)

Explain your main method of Review Article in general.

Data Collection (200 words±10%)

Explain the details of your search, material, and the collection tools that you have used

Data Analysis (200 words±10%)

Explain the different analytical methods that you applied to extract the results from the collected data


3. Results: (500 words±10%)

Include tables, diagrams, flowcharts, or formulas as part of your review, each of them should be given a figure/ table number and that number must be cited in the main text with a detailed explanation (below the figure).

4. Discussion (altogether 1500words±10%)

• Consolidate your research space (restate what you wanted to achieve - if you are developing a framework from your research, your aim has been to justify the need for a framework (this should be in your introduction).
• This is the key part of your assignment and please put more emphasis on this. You need always link your critical analysis with the framework you proposed.
• Divide the discussion based on the key components
• Revisit the most important findings from your results and explain why they are important to answer your research questions

Future work (150 words±10%)

• Point to the limitations of your own study.
• Recommend a course of action and identify areas for future research

Conclusion (200 words±10%)

• Summarise the key findings from the discussion and how they answered the research questions
• Discuss the gap and how it is filled with your findings
• Restate the limitations


5. References ( 35 articles)

APA-7 Style (alphabetical order, proper naming of the authors, volume and issues of the journal, managing similar authors’ names in similar publication year, avoid duplicated references)
Please avoid citing old resources
Please note that you need to add all 30-35 references you have collected in your weekly submissions and the other additional references you have given for each journal paper. Please do the citation of all these papers in the main document (mindful of the comments on referencing above).


6. Appendix
all abbreviations need to put here.

Previous assignment:
ASSIGNMENT 3: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY
Title: The Role of ICT Technologies in Driving Growth for the Cloud-Based Mobile Health Information System
Table of Contents
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………..4
1. Research questions…………………………………………………………………………5
2.0 Literature Review: 6
2.1 Introduction: 6
2.2 Research based on technology: 7
2.3 Research based on results brought by Health Information Systems: 8
2.4 Limitation of the research: 9
2.5 Reflect: 9
2.6 The relationship between different studies: 10
3.0 Conclusion: 11
Task 2: Annotated Bibliography Reflection 12
Reference list: 13
Abstract:
Background and aim:
Emerging technologies have been at the forefront of development in the technology sector. New systems, gadgets and products are coming loaded with emerging technologies like Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Artificial Intelligence as well as Information and Communication Technologies. This review therefore focuses on analysing the role of the ICT technologies in driving growth for the cloud-based mobile health information systems
Methodology:
This annotated bibliography has mainly focused on synthesising and reviewing scholarly articles related to the research topic area.
Results:
Cloud-based systems have made it easier for organisations to develop new apps and information systems backed up by new features and 24*7 services. This is therefore is accelerating the growth of this sector. Discoveries in the ICT sector are also helping in this regard. This annotated bibliography, therefore, tries to understand this aspect by reviewing several recent scholarly articles.
Conclusion:
ICT has helped in improving health services. IoT helps in improving decision making in health. Moreover, it also helps in monitoring the health of patients. The cloud-based medical system helps store and access information about the health of patients which can be accessed by the users in anytime and anywhere basis which improve health and wellbeing for people.
Keywords: ICT Technology, Cloud, Health Information
1. Research questions:
The main research questions are as follows:
What are the discoveries happening regarding ICT technologies?
Explanation: The advancement of new technologies is also leading to new technologies in the ICT sector. For example, researchers are now focusing on how room bulbs can be used to transmit Wi-Fi Data.
Why is there a growth trend for clouded based mobile health information systems?
Explanation: The establishment of new companies, as well as the dependency of healthcare organisations towards technology in managing their activities, is one such reason for the growth of this sector. However, there are many other reasons which need to be explored through research.
What are the main factors that are leading to this growth of cloud-based mobile health information systems?
Explanation: The main factors are the need for ICT technologies to manage any technological activities, the need to manage and record documents electronically in healthcare systems and many more.
What is the role played by ICT technologies in driving growth of the cloud-based mobile health information systems?
Explanation: ICT is the epitome of the growth as it is the source material that provides the necessary technological etiquettes required for managing healthcare systems. New advancements in this technology are driving this growth.
2.0 Literature Review:
2.1 Introduction:
The field of research selected is Information and Communication Technology. According to Huh & Kim (2019), information and communication technology plays a vital role in the advancement of digital technologies. Anything present on the internet or is accessed by the internet is possible due to the advancement of ICT technologies. Progress in ICT shapes different healthcare domain. Adoption of ICT helps create new opportunities to improve health-related outcome. Integration of ICT is not only helpful in improving health outcome but it is also helpful in reducing the costs of healthcare. ICT technologies help gather invaluable as well as huge data from numerous sources in effective ways that help the healthcare professions in offering a better service to the customers. One such application of ICT in healthcare is mobile health (Bervell& Al-Samarraie, 2019). Cloud computing technologies offered the functionality in managing information in the ubiquitous, distributed as well as the pervasive manner that supports the different system, platforms and application. With the help of mobile health applications in ICT devices, users can store data in the cloud which can help monitor the health. Cloud-based mobile health information systems are also a result of the success of new ICT technological advancements (Cechettiet al. 2019, Ismagilovaet al. 2019). This mHealth system helps perform two different goals like availability of the e-health related system and access of the medical information at anytime and anywhere basis.
2.2 Research based on technology:
IoT has changed the way by which healthcare is approached on a worldwide basis (Greco et al. 2020); Walsham, 2020). According to Wang & Cai (2020), along with the technological advancements, IoT has become an efficient method for monitoring the health because efficient and secure retrieval of medical data has become important in the present time. IoT can be integrated with different medical system to create ubiquitous, cost-effective and on-time healthcare services (Zeadally& Bello, 2019). Wang & Cai (2020) have mentioned that IoT with the edge cloud system can help retrieve the medical data. Butpheng, Yeh&Xiong(2020) has demonstrated that the integration of cloud computing and IoT can create an e-health system. E-health system helps seek, find, appraising as well as understanding health information from electronic sources and acquiring knowledge in resolving health issues (Meng et al. 2019; Liu et al. 2019; AlBar& Hoque, 2019; Chao,Lin& Ma, 2019). Rapidly developing ageing population creates several chronic diseases which creates numerous challenges (Chung& Park, 2019; Huh & Kim, 2019;Polu, 2019; Muznyet al. 2020). M-health helps manage a chronic condition and delivers high-quality healthcare (Scarcyet al. 2019;Nussabaumet al. 2019; Sim, 2019; Buttet al. 2019). The users of the m-health app are continuously developing as the number of mobile phone users is improving. M-health can diagnose, control or track infectious diseases and improve health system efficiencies by developing a combination with an internet-connected device for diagnosis (Christopher et al. 2019). Different health and wellness app can improve usability experiences by aligning the customers and insiders (Liew et al. 2019). Hossain, Rahman& Muhammad (2020) has mentioned the fact that cyber-physical system (CPS) is one of the computing technologies that help in computing, controlling, communicating and sensing among various physical components.
2.3 Research based on results brought by Health Information Systems:
IoT and smart medical sensors create a huge amount of data which can be analysed with efficiencies to monitor the health of a patient (Greco et al. 2020; Wang & Cai, 2020). CPS utilises big data analytics and cloud computing in offering therapy to the patients (Hossain, Rahman& Muhammad, 2020). On the other hand,Butpheng, Yeh&Xiong(2020) has mentioned that the e-health system can be used in improving informed health-related decision making of the patient. Walsham (2020) has focused on the importance of ICT in developing a health information system. Searcy et al. (2019) has demonstrated that m-health intervention is important because it can help older adults in maintaining a better lifestyle that reduces possibilities of cardiovascular diseases. M-health tools are helpful for people in managing their health and wellbeing (Nguyen et al. 2019; Rajak& Shaw, 2019; Li et al. 2019; Vandenberket al. 2019). The study of Nussabaumet al. (2019) is different because it applies m-health in rehabilitation. Zeadally& Bello (2019) think that IoT can be connected with billions of devices across the world that can improve the delivery of healthcare. The research of Sim (2019) is different from other research because it offers key regulatory as well as functional aspects of mobile health, whereas Liew et al. (2019) has mentioned insights and offered the suggestion that can improve the experience in the mobile health. Wood et al. (2019) has mentioned that m-health can be used in monitoring the outbreak of infectious disease and implementing some response strategies. The research of Buttet al. (2019) is different from others because it focuses on the security issues in the m-health application.
2.4 Limitation of the research:
Searcy et al. (2019) has identified that using m-health is the greatest barrier for older adults as they are technologically strong. Nassbaumet al. (2019) has stated that using m-health in rehabilitation is difficult for the people. Zeadally& Bello (2019) think that it is difficult in defining a better as well as universal IoT architecturewhich can offer better healthcare services. Wood et al. (2019), Sim (2019) has mentioned that higher costs of Smartphone can create difficulties in using m-health, whereas, Buttet al. (2019) thinks that security is the main challenges of an IoT device. On the other hand, Liew et al. (2019); Wang & Cai (2020)think that some user’s faces usability challenges in accessing mobile apps.Hossain, Rahman& Muhammad (2020) think that setting an efficient smart home system is difficult which can offer an energy-aware system for therapy system. Walsham (2020) thinks that developing a better health information system in developing countries is difficult.Butpheng, Yeh&Xiong(2020); Greco et al. (2020) thinks that maintaining security in a cloud-based system is an issue.
2.5 Reflect:
Now I can say from the topic that information communication technology revolution has created numerous opportunities in health. ICT enhances the quality of care, facilitates protection of data, reduces the costs associated with administration and operation as well as increases patient security (Vandenberket al. 2019). I have observed that ICT is associated to develop different telecommunication devices like Smartphone that can help people in storing their health condition which helps them in availing a better healthcare service by sharing the information with doctors. After conducting this research, I have developed a better knowledge of mHealth. Mobile health system refers to the practice of public health and medicines that are supported by different mobile devices like mobile phones, personal digital assistants, tablets and wireless infrastructure (El-Sappaghet al. 2019). Moreover, doctors or nurses stores medical information about the patients and maintain hospital information system with the help of ICT (Chung& Park, 2019; Chakraborty, 2019). If those articles do not offer knowledge about the utilisation of ICT device then the influence of ICT technology in creating m-health system would be unknown. Moreover, these articles also shed on a different technology that helps in creating a better health system. I have recognised some gaps and challenges that have been identified in the research paper that are some people who do not have knowledge in operating ICT device which creates issues for them in operating m-health. Moreover, security issues are highest in the ICT devices that can create issues for the users.As it is directly connected to the web, therefore, the intruders can access the patient data and manipulate it which can harm the patient. These research papers are valuable for researching because this research paper offers a brief knowledge about the importance of ICT in forming m-health. Moreover, it also offers different devices that help in mobile health. It also focuses on the issues associated to use IoT technologies and mobile health.
2.6 The relationship between different studies:
Searcy et al. (2019); Sim (2019); Liew et al. (2019) has mentioned general knowledge about mobile health. These research papers offer a greater level of in-general knowledge about different techniques that helps in mobile health. Though Wood et al. (2019) has also shed light on the m-health this journal focuses on the utilisation of m-health on diagnosing infectious diseases. Nussbaum et al. (2019) has applied the importance of m-health on rehabilitation. Therefore, all these above-mentioned journals are linked with each other. On the contrary, Zeadally& Bello (2019); Greco et al. (2020); Butpheng, Yeh&Xiong(2020)have focused on the importance of IoT on the healthcare system. This research paper mainly sheds lights on how IoT can offer an improved healthcare system. Butt et al. (2019) has solely focused on the multivariant security framework in the application of mobile health. He has not only mentioned about the security issues mobile health but also offered a framework with the help of which problem can be resolved.Hossain, Rahman& Muhammad (2020) has focused on a completely different segment that is energy-aware and cloud-oriented cyber-physical system. The cyber-physical system is useful in offering better therapy management. In the cyber and physical layer, energy is consumed, therefore, energy efficiencies are necessary. Walsham (2020) has argued that for developing a health information system, educating people is important. Wang & Cai (2020) have mentioned that IoT is important in effective retrieval of medical data that helps in monitoring health.
3.0 Conclusion:
The above analysis has clearly shown the role of ICT technologies on cloud-based mobile health information systems. Higher as well as reliable connectivity for the medical sensors and devices, IoT ecosystem is essential. ICT technologies help form wearable, portable, miniature, implantable as well as mobile wireless devices that help in offering better mobile health which can help patients as well as health workers in tracking or monitoring the health of patients so that better treatment can be offered. However, the security issue is one of the issues that create difficulties in using mobile health. Thus, proper security infrastructure needs to be incorporated into the health system.

Task 2: Annotated Bibliography Reflection
Keywords: Mobile Health Information Systems, Cloud-based Systems, Mobile Health, ICT technology
Patterns and trends: From the review of the articles, I have identified that most of the articles are focusing on either the results that mobile health information systems are brining to the healthcare sector or the way ICT technologies are influencing the development of new cloud-based systems that are improving the entire mobile health information systems.
Relation of the topic with the project topic: My project topic is about the cloud-based information system and the role of ICT in it. The annotated bibliography articles selected are eventually shedding light on the themes like new advancements in mobile health, Healthcare benefits, M-Health architecture and so on.
Gap in Literature: The articles used for the annotated bibliography mostly analysed the way m-health is improving. However, the new advancements in the ICT technologies and the improvements that can be possible in the m-health sector is not defined properly. My research can be done focusing on this gap.
Steps to follow to expand the current annotated bibliography into larger literature review: I have reviewed only few of the articles that are related with my project topic. However, there is a vast majority of scholarly articles that are yet to be researched and synthesized. Going forward with the research, I at first need to identify few more keywords based on the gap identified. Based on the keywords, I need to make use of the university library and databases like ProQuest to search for more articles, say, more than 100 of articles. Synthesizing those articles and making notes from them, I finally will be able to expand the annotated bibliography into a larger literature review.
Reference list:
AlBar, A. M., & Hoque, M. R. (2019). Factors affecting cloud ERP adoption in Saudi Arabia: An empirical study. Information Development, 35(1), 150-164. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666917735677
Bervell, B., & Al-Samarraie, H. (2019). A comparative review of mobile health and electronic health utilization in sub-Saharan African countries. Social Science & Medicine, 232, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.04.024
Butpheng, C., Yeh, K. H., &Xiong, H. (2020). Security and privacy in IoT-cloud-based e-health systems—A comprehensive review. Symmetry, 12(7), 1191. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/sym12071191
Butt, S. A., Jamal, T., Azad, M. A., Ali, A., & Safa, N. S. (2019). A multivariant secure framework for smart mobile health application. Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, e3684. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ett.3684
Cechetti, N. P., Bellei, E. A., Biduski, D., Rodriguez, J. P. M., Roman, M. K., & De Marchi, A. C. B. (2019). Developing and implementing a gamification method to improve user engagement: A case study with an m-Health application for hypertension monitoring. Telematics and Informatics, 41, 126-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2019.04.007
Chakraborty, C. (2019). Mobile health (m-Health) for tele-wound monitoring: Role of m-Health in wound management. In Mobile health applications for quality healthcare delivery (pp. 98-116). IGI Global. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-8021-8.ch005
Chao, D. Y., Lin, T. M., & Ma, W. Y. (2019). Enhanced self-efficacy and behavioral changes among patients with diabetes: cloud-based mobile health platform and mobile app service. JMIR diabetes, 4(2), e11017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/11017
Chung, K., & Park, R. C. (2019). Chatbot-based heathcare service with a knowledge base for cloud computing. Cluster Computing, 22(1), 1925-1937. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10586-018-2334-5
Chung, K., & Park, R. C. (2019). Cloud based u-healthcare network with QoS guarantee for mobile health service. Cluster Computing, 22(1), 2001-2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10586-017-1120-0
El-Sappagh, S., Ali, F., Hendawi, A., Jang, J. H., & Kwak, K. S. (2019). A mobile health monitoring-and-treatment system based on integration of the SSN sensor ontology and the HL7 FHIR standard. BMC medical informatics and decision making, 19(1), 97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-019-0806-z
Greco, L., Percannella, G., Ritrovato, P., Tortorella, F., & Vento, M. (2020). Trends in IoT based solutions for health care: moving AI to the Edge. Pattern Recognition Letters. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.patrec.2020.05.016
Hossain, M. S., Rahman, M. A., & Muhammad, G. (2020). Towards energy-aware cloud-oriented cyber-physical therapy system. Future Generation Computer Systems, 105, 800-813. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2017.08.045
Huh, J. H., & Kim, T. J. (2019). A location-based mobile health care facility search system for senior citizens. The Journal of Supercomputing, 75(4), 1831-1848. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11227-018-2342-5
Ismagilova, E., Hughes, L., Dwivedi, Y. K., & Raman, K. R. (2019). Smart cities: Advances in research—An information systems perspective. International Journal of Information Management, 47, 88-100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2019.01.004
Li, M., Xu, G., Lin, P., & Huang, G. Q. (2019). Cloud-based mobile gateway operation system for industrial wearables. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 58, 43-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcim.2019.02.004
Liew, M. S., Zhang, J., See, J., & Ong, Y. L. (2019). Usability challenges for health and wellness mobile apps: mixed-methods study among mhealth experts and consumers. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 7(1), e12160. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/12160
Liu, F., Ngai, E., & Ju, X. (2019). Understanding mobile health service use: An investigation of routine and emergency use intentions. International Journal of Information Management, 45, 107-117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2018.09.004
Meng, F., Guo, X., Peng, Z., Lai, K. H., & Zhao, X. (2019). Investigating the adoption of mobile health services by elderly users: Trust transfer model and survey study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 7(1), e12269. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/12269
Muzny, M., Henriksen, A., Giordanengo, A., Muzik, J., Grøttland, A., Blixgård, H., ... &Årsand, E. (2020). Wearable sensors with possibilities for data exchange: Analyzing status and needs of different actors in mobile health monitoring systems. International journal of medical informatics, 133, 104017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2019.104017
Nguyen, D. C., Pathirana, P. N., Ding, M., & Seneviratne, A. (2019). Blockchain for secure ehrs sharing of mobile cloud based e-health systems. IEEE access, 7, 66792-66806. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2917555
Nussbaum, R., Kelly, C., Quinby, E., Mac, A., Parmanto, B., &Dicianno, B. E. (2019). Systematic review of mobile health applications in rehabilitation. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 100(1), 115-127. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.07.439
Polu, S. K. (2019). Modeling of Efficient Multi-Agent based Mobile Health Care System. International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology, 5(8), 10-14.
Rajak, M., & Shaw, K. (2019). Evaluation and selection of mobile health (mHealth) applications using AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS. Technology in Society, 59, 101186. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2019.101186
Searcy, R. P., Summapund, J., Estrin, D., Pollak, J. P., Schoenthaler, A., Troxel, A. B., & Dodson, J. A. (2019). Mobile health technologies for older adults with cardiovascular disease: current evidence and future directions. Current Geriatrics Reports, 8(1), 31-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13670-019-0270-8
Sim, I. (2019). Mobile devices and health. New England Journal of Medicine, 381(10), 956-968. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmra1806949
Vandenberk, T., Storms, V., Lanssens, D., De Cannière, H., Smeets, C. J., Thijs, I. M., ... &Grieten, L. (2019). A Vendor-Independent Mobile Health Monitoring Platform for Digital Health Studies: Development and Usability Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 7(10), e12586. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/12586
Walsham, G. (2020). Health information systems in developing countries: some reflections on information for action. Information Technology for Development, 26(1), 194-200. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02681102.2019.1586632
Wang, X., & Cai, S. (2020). Secure healthcare monitoring framework integrating NDN-based IoT with edge cloud. Future Generation Computer Systems. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2020.05.042
Wood, C. S., Thomas, M. R., Budd, J., Mashamba-Thompson, T. P., Herbst, K., Pillay, D., ... & Stevens, M. M. (2019). Taking connected mobile-health diagnostics of infectious diseases to the field. Nature, 566(7745), 467-474. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038%2Fs41586-019-0956-2
Zeadally, S., & Bello, O. (2019). Harnessing the power of Internet of Things based connectivity to improve healthcare. Internet of Things, 100074. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iot.2019.100074

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