Recent Question/Assignment

Assessment Task 1 – Case study
Develop a business plan
Submission details
Candidate’s name
Assessor’s name
Assessment site
Assessment date/s
Assessment description
There are two parts to this assessment. Part A
Use the information provided in the case study ‘Fast Track Couriers’ (see Appendix 1) to develop a business plan to support the company’s strategic and operational goals. Develop a plan for communicating the business plan to relevant parties.
Part B
Review the completed business plan (see Appendix 2). Analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the plan and prepare a written report of your findings.
Assessment instructions
1. Review the information in the case study ‘Fast Track Couriers’ (see Appendix 1)
2. Analyse and interpret the current business environment, goals and objectives embedded in the case study.
3. This task requires you to meet with your manager (assessor) and discuss and agree upon performance objectives and measures.
4. Form the individuals with specific roles to role-play as agreed by your assessor.
5. Complete the following assessment task activities during the allowed assessment date/s and time/s.
6. The assessment task is due on the date specified by your assessor.
7. Any variations to this arrangement must be approved in writing by your assessor.
8. Submit your work with any required evidence attached.
9. See the specifications above for details of submission requirements.
10. Time allowed for the assessment task is 4 hours.
Specifications to submit
You must:
? for Part A:
1. submit a completed business plan
2. consult with key stakeholder (assessor) and document the outcomes of the consultation
3. submit a communication plan ? for Part B:
? submit a completed report, analysing the strengths and weaknesses of the business plan.
Performance objective
You will demonstrate the skills and knowledge required to research, analyse and develop a business plan.
Assessment context
Simulated work environment. This assessment will be conducted within the training facility in the specific training room allocated for the trainee/s during the training sessions planned for assessment using simulated workplace scenario with the access to materials and equipment facilitated by your assessor.
Required resources
1. Assessment task 1, assessment instructions and case scenario in Appendix 1 2. Computer with Internet access and word-process software (MS Word) 3. Workspace, table, chair and stationery and access to:
a. appropriate documentation and resources normally used in the workplace
b. strategic, business and operational plans
c. business information and data
d. interaction with others.
Your assessor will be looking for:
• analyse and research business vision, mission, values, objectives, goals, competitors, financial targets, management arrangements, marketing approaches and strategic, business and operational plans
• write a business plan which includes a description of the business, products and services, financial, physical and human resource requirements, permit and licence requirements, marketing activity, financial indicators, productivity and performance targets for key result areas
• provide an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of a business plan.
Your Task
Part A
1. Review the information in the case study ‘Fast Track Couriers’ (see Appendix 1)
2. Analyse and interpret the current business environment, goals and objectives embedded in the case study.
3. Consult with your assessor (assume the assessor is a key stakeholder) and discuss and agree upon performance objectives and measures and discuss.
a. market requirements for the product or service, profile customer needs and research pricing options
b. financial, human and physical resource requirements for the business
c. any permits or licences that may be required
d. whether skilled labour is available to implement plan
4. Document a business plan to assist the organisation to achieve its goals. Include the following in your business plan but not limited to:
a. a description of the business,
b. products and services,
c. financial, physical and human resource requirements,
d. permit and licence requirements,
e. marketing activity,
f. financial indicators,
g. productivity and performance targets for key result areas
5. Document a plan for communicating the business plan to all relevant parties.
6. Present the business plan to your assessor (assume the assessor is a key stakeholder).
Part B
Business Plan 1:
7. Read the business plan ‘Quality Training’ (see Appendix 2)
8. Compare and contrast the business plan against the criteria for effective business plans, as described in your workbook or other reference materials.
9. Compare the strengths and weaknesses of the business plan.
10. Complete a written report, detailing a critical analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the business plan.
Appendix 1: Fast Track Couriers
General Information
History
Fast Track Couriers is a courier company operating in New South Wales for the last 15 years. Their primary business function is delivering medium to large size packages across metropolitan Sydney. The business has a good reputation in the marketplace for reliability and value for money.
After a slow start entering the competitive delivery market, Fast Track Couriers has built a solid reputation over the past 12 years, and this has been reflected in their growth and profit margins.
Fast Track Couriers primarily targets small to medium-sized business which make up 80% of their customer base. They are limited by their geographic location, as they currently do not deliver outside of the Sydney metropolitan area.
The company has been marketed through direct sales, telephone, internet listings and mailouts. Through a program of telephone follow-up to ensure customers’ ongoing satisfaction with the business, Fast Track Couriers has an admirable 87% retention rate for existing customers.
Although sales and profits have increased each year by an average of 5%, the owners are looking to move forward by delivering to regional areas in NSW.
Organisational structure
The organisation is family owned, with three family members acting as a Management Board and responsible for approving all business decisions.
? Managing Director – responsible for daily operational management decisions.
? Logistics Manager – responsible for the scheduling of the trucks and drivers.
? 20 truck drivers.
? 5 office support employees – responsible for administration, accounts, human resources and sales.
Strategic plan goals
The organisation’s strategic goal is to grow the business and increase business profits over the next three years by expanding delivery routes to include regional NSW.
Operational plan goals
Fast Track Couriers will:
? commence deliveries to regional NSW within 12 months ? increase sales by 40% in the next three years.
Background
The owners of the business are not risk takers. They are aware that their ongoing success is the result of a small, experienced team, close personal ties with clients and a reputation for reliable, low cost service. Moving forward, their vision for the company is to retain those strengths and core values through any expansion process.
The strategic and operational plans were developed as a result of external market research, indicating a shortage of delivery organisations providing services to regional NSW towns. Fast Track Couriers were looking for their next growth opportunity and saw that this was an ideal opportunity to be seized upon.
It was also felt that the company was now sufficiently stable and experienced, and in a financial position to expand the business without risk to their current financial stability or reputation.
Reports from the Sales Manager indicated that contracts have been lost because some clients want to engage a courier who can deliver to their regional offices, in particular Newcastle, Wollongong and the Central West. Fast Track is currently unable to meet this demand and therefore some potential clients have been lost. This became a motive to expand operations for both financial and customer service reasons.
Proposed strategy
Fast Track Couriers currently allocates two drivers per truck to ensure that drivers are able to load and unload heavy packages. The strategy going forward is to remove the need for two drivers per truck by installing an automatic lift gate on the back of each truck, at a cost of $10,000 per truck. This will mean that only one driver is needed per truck, as no heavy lifting will be required.
This will allow Fast Track to purchase 10 new trucks and use the existing drivers for regional routes.
Each new truck will cost $60,000 (including installation of an automatic lift gate). The money to purchase the trucks will be borrowed from the bank on a business loan.
Financial information
Annual sales
Current sales Estimated sales (Year 1)
$17 million $22 million
Annual net profit
Current net profit Estimated net profit
$1.9 million $3.2 million
Increased costs
Loan repayments Operating costs (fuel, servicing, etc.)
+$200,000 per annum +$2.2 million
Administrative costs Labour costs
+$100,000 Nil
General information
The company communicates with employees via email for head office employees, and a printed monthly newsletter for drivers. The company provides information regarding policies and procedures through employee manuals that are kept in each truck. Office-based staff can access copies of these manuals in the office.
All trucks are fitted with a GPS system to assist drivers in navigating to each pick-up and drop-off location. Trucks are also assigned a PDA that provides drivers with the details of each delivery, and records when a job starts and finishes. The data from this device is sent back to head office to complete productivity reporting. When this device was introduced, drivers were not happy as they felt it meant that the organisation did not trust them to manually record the time spent on each job. Many drivers also resented having to learn how to use the device and thought it was a waste of time.
Head office employees work very closely together as a coherent and motivated team. They are generally positive about the organisational direction and respond well to change.
Drivers are currently happy with the work environment, as they enjoy working as part of a two-man team. The Logistics Manager typically leaves the drivers alone to do their job as this is what seems to make them happy. In the past, supervisors and HR have tried to encourage drivers to participate in organisational activities, but this was not received well –the drivers complained and asked not to be involved. The drivers’ view is that their team is the two-man driver team, and they seem to like the comforts of that working environment.
Drivers are typically negative about change. They have, in the past, done their best to block any changes from being implemented, even going to the lengths of threatening strike action and getting the Union involved to assist in resolving the issue.
Summary of current employee populations
Head office employees
? covered under individual contracts
? salary range $32,000 – $75,000 annum
? small team of mainly male employees, with a wide range of ages
? many opportunities to participate in learning and development programs due to management support, however, have shown little interest
? high employee engagement scores, citing team work and opportunities have contributed to the company’s success as real motivators.
Drivers
? covered by an award
? salary $45,000 per annum
? heavily unionised
? employee demographics are all male employees, aged 25–65.
? few opportunities to participate in learning and development programs due to being on the road, however, have shown very little to no interest
? large number of workplace injuries due to heavy lifting
? low employee engagement scores, citing pay as an issue
? currently experiencing low turnover
? history of industrial disputes regarding pay and other change initiatives.

Appendix 2: Business Plan – Quality Training
Business Plan
Table of Contents
1.0 Executive summary 10
1.1 Objectives 10
1.2 Mission 11
1.3 Keys to success 11
2.0 Company structure 12
2.1 Company ownership 12
2.3 Company locations and facilities 12
3.0 Services 13
3.1 National recognised qualifications 13
3.2 Stand-alone (Fee for Service training) 13
4.0 Competitive comparison 14
4.1 Analysis of competitors 14
4.2 Risks and opportunities 14
4.3 Strategies to overcome perceived threats and weaknesses 16
5.0 Market Analysis Summary 17
5.1 Market trends 17
5.2 Marketing strategy 18
5.3 Marketing materials 18
6.0 Pricing strategy 19
7.0 Review of business plan 20
1.0 Executive summary
Quality Training has been operating as a Registered Training Organisation for 12 months.
Following is a summary of the main points of this plan.
? The objectives of Quality Training are to generate a profit, grow at a challenging and manageable rate and to be a good corporate citizen.
? The mission of Quality Training is to exceed our customers’ expectations by providing them with effective training and development services, relevant to their needs and in line with national quality standards.
? The keys to success for Quality Training are marketing and networking, responsiveness and quality, and generating repeat customers and word -of-mouth business.
? The initial primary service offered will be nationally recognised qualifications
Certificate IV in Business (Frontline Management) and Certificate IV in Workplace Assessment and Training. We will also offer Fee for Service training, tailored to individual client needs.
? Quality Training will explore opportunities to extend its scope to maximize business opportunities and meet customer needs.
? The local market for this business is growing and is open to new service providers who can offer superior individualised services.
? An initial financial analysis of the viability of this venture shows that Quality Training is well positioned to maximise on profit opportunities, has few ongoing capital expenses and has sufficient funds to negate the need to go into debt. Operating costs are minimal due to the owner/operator style of operation.
? During 2006–2007, the intention will be to use opportunities gained through existing client networks and scope extension to grow the business and increase trainee numbers.
? In 2005 (for 2006), Quality Training will apply for New Employee government funding to remain competitive with other RTO’s.
In conclusion, as shown in the highlights chart below, this plan projects rapid growth and moderate net profits over the next three years. Implementing this plan will ensure that Quality Training quickly becomes a profitable venture for the owners.
1.1 Objectives
The objectives of this business plan are:
? To provide a written guide for the ongoing management of this training and development business; a strategic framework for developing a comprehensive tactical marketing plan.
? The intended audience includes the owners of this business and representatives from the State Training Authority.
? The scope of this plan is to provide detailed projections for the current plan year, and for the following two years.
The objectives of Quality Training are:
? Profit – To achieve a net profit of $100,000 in the next financial year and a 25% increase in profit each succeeding year.
? Growth – To grow the business at a rate that is both challenging and manageable, leading the market with innovation and adaptability. Growth from 16 trainees in year ending 2005 to 300 trainees in year ending 2007.
? Citizenship – To be an intellectual and social asset to the community by networking with community organisations such as the Chamber of Commerce, and offering services to charitable organisations when required.
1.2 Mission
? Purpose – Quality Training exists to provide high quality, relevant training and development solutions which make a discernable difference to the client’s business productivity and performance. It also provides students with nationally recognised qualifications (where applicable).
? Vision – By providing quality training and excellent customer service, Quality Training will satisfy and expand its customer base, allowing the business to maintain profitability.
? Mission – The short-term objective is to start this company quickly and inexpensively, with a minimum of debt. The long-term objective is to grow the company into a stable and profitable entity that the owners can easily and comfortably manage. ? Marketing slogan – ‘Quality Training – Training that makes a difference!’.
1.3 Keys to success
The keys to success for Quality Training are:
? Marketing and networking – identifying and following up potential clients.
? Quality – ensuring client satisfaction through superior training materials, training delivery and follow-up.
? Consultation – effective training needs analysis and client consultation, to ensure the right training is delivered to the right people to meet the client’s needs.
? Relationships – developing loyal repeat customers.
? Follow-up – monitoring student performance on the job, during and after training, to ensure effective transfer of skills and knowledge.
? Growth – assessing client needs and obtaining appropriate training solutions by extending the scope of registration, or by developing suitable stand-alone/Fee for Service training packages.
2.0 Company structure
Quality Training will be a start-up venture with the following characteristics:
? Quality Training is a Pty Ltd Company with the two directors who manage and own the company.
? Quality Training will initially operate from a home office to keep overhead costs low.
? Quality Training has no current debt.
2.1 Company ownership
? Quality Training is owned jointly by Michael Chapman and Elliot Berkley.
? Financial status
? Profit and Loss Statement for end of financial year 2005 is attached.
2.3 Company locations and facilities
This is a home office venture, located in the study area of the owners’ existing home.
? Computer facilities – stand-alone desktop computer installed.
? Telephone – one line currently serves the location.
? Mobile phones for each Director.
? Data projector.
? Laptop with internet access.
? Broadband installed for internet and email functions.
? Utilities provided for are to be charged to the business as a percentage of home usage.
3.0 Services
Quality Training will offer the following qualifications/training courses to its business clients:
3.1 National recognised qualifications
? Certificate IV in Business (Frontline Management)
? Certificate II In Retail Operations
? Certificate III in Retail Supervision
? Certificate III in Business Administration
? Certificate III in Transport and Distribution (pending registration at 15/1/06) ? WorkCover OHS Committee Training (pending registration at 15/1/06).
3.2 Stand-alone (Fee for Service training)
? Manual Handling
? Time Management
? Presentation Skills
? Recruitment and Selection
? Customer Service
? Selling Skills
? Personal Effectiveness Program.
3.3 Training needs analysis
? Quality Training will conduct training needs analysis and develop specific training materials and packages at the request of clients.
4.0 Competitive comparison
Quality Training have identified three classes of competition in the training and development services area:
? In-house training departments/personnel – usually employed by larger companies that can afford the fixed costs of employees.
? Public training providers (TAFE) – well established and respected, offering public courses and qualifications in a broad range of subject areas.
? Private registered training organisations – offering similar training and qualifications to Quality Training, and targeting the same client base.
4.1 Analysis of competitors
? Quality Training does not intend to target large organisations, which tend to have their own in-house training departments.
? While TAFE offers the same qualifications and is a highly recognised training provider, it does not offer flexible work-based training and delivery, which will be the focus of Quality Training’s approach.
? Private RTO’s will provide the greatest threat to Quality Training. They are often national providers and, as such, can provide services to businesses with franchises or branches in other states.
? The local phone book lists seven training companies in the Penrith area. These are not large providers, with the exception of two community colleges. There is a large TAFE. Many of the training organisations in the area are quite specialised, e.g. Retail Skills Training and Computer Training. These are not perceived as a threat to the success of Quality Training entering the local market.
4.2 Risks and opportunities
Risks (Threats) Advantages (Opportunities)
New business
? unknown in the market place
? no references from former clients. New business
? provide an alternative to clients unhappy with their current provider ? clean record – no history.
Risks (Threats) Advantages (Opportunities)
Small business
? owner-operated
? limited resources (staff/equipment)
? only operating in NSW
? lack of funding for large marketing campaign
? targeting local area initially – limited client base. Small business
? flexible and adaptable to clients needs
? low start-up costs
? personalised service – training is conducted by the people who own the company and who meet with the clients. This is a level of commitment other training organisations may not have.
Target local area
? able to visit trainees and clients more regularly
? reduces costs to the business
? knowledge of the local area and ability to market our business as ‘local’
? understanding of the cultural influences
? knowledge of local political situation and potential areas of growth.
Competitive market place
? many RTO’s and training organisations competing for business. Competitive market place ? as above.
Funding
? reliance on government funding (which is attractive to clients). Funding
? market training as a business benefit not an opportunity to attract incentives
? offer a range of training services outside of traineeships.
4.3 Strategies to overcome perceived threats and weaknesses
? Network with friends and acquaintances to source business opportunities.
? Develop strong marketing materials, including a website so that we can ‘hit the ground running’ on receipt of registration.
? Look for opportunities to deliver non-accredited training prior to becoming established as an RTO. This will bring in some additional income to offset costs, and will assist in developing our client relationships.
? Timeframe expenses – purchase materials and equipment when we need them rather than upfront.
? Be flexible in our working policies and procedures. Think about contracting staff as required (rather than employing them to save costs) to eliminate the need for larger office space.
? Stay up-to-date with relevant legislation and industry requirements. Review websites regularly. Subscribe to industry publications and attend meetings or workshops when possible. Anticipate changes and act quickly to avoid issues with compliance to AQTF standards.
? Look for opportunities to develop mutually-beneficial partnerships with other RTO’s or businesses. By keeping the business diversified and offering a variety of training and development solutions, the risk of losing Government funding for traineeships will be minimised.
5.0 Market Analysis Summary
Quality Training has identified potential clients from a number of industries. Because the training offered is focused on management, people or supervisory skills, the nature of the client’s industry is not particularly relevant.
We have identified the following businesses/industries as our key focus in terms of marketing:
? A logical segmentation breaks the market down into the following:
? Industrial
? Manufacturing
? Retail
? Service providers.
? Because the larger retailers (i.e. Coles and Woolworths) have internal training departments, our focus will be on the independents, such as IGA supermarkets, who have the autonomy to select their own training providers.
? In the industrial and manufacturing industries, we will focus on medium-sized businesses employing between 20 and 200 employees. Within Penrith there are a number of ‘industrial parks’, and so targeting business in these areas will become a key focus.
? While there are a number of competitors in the local area, they seem to be widely specialised and sized, leaving ample opportunity for Quality Training to create and expand a niche in the chosen market segment.
5.1 Market trends
Worth noting is the growth trend for this market. With continuing low unemployment rates and competition for staff growing amongst businesses, many employers view training and development, and the offering of qualifications to their employees, as a way of attracting and keeping staff. This trend is likely to continue, as:
? population growth is decreasing
? people are looking to retire earlier than in previous decades
? the number of people joining the workforce each year is declining.
Schools are emphasising the importance of gaining recognised qualifications to their students. Many schools are now offering vocational subjects which will provide students with a nationally recognised qualification upon leaving (VET in schools). Employers are finding that, in order to attract high quality applicants, they need to offer them opportunities to continue with their education. Traineeships are an effective and inexpensive way to do this.
Another trend which Quality Training intends to take advantage of is the requirement for businesses to comply with State and Federal legislation in the areas of occupational health and safety, harassment, discrimination and unfair dismissal. Many small to medium businesses do not have in-house human resources facilities and, as such, need to train line management in understanding and complying with this legislation. Quality Training will offer this training in addition to other nationally recognised traineeships.
5.2 Marketing strategy
Quality Training will utilise a number of strategies in its marketing plan.
? Personal contacts – Quality Training will network with friends to identify potential business opportunities. This will be done informally through the mailing of brochures and information, with a follow-up by phone. This method has already proven successful, with a number of potential clients identified and interested in utilising the services of Quality Training once we are properly accredited.
? Cold calling – Quality Training will identify potential clients through the phone book, and by driving through the industrial estates to obtain business names and addresses. Quality Training will then call and forward information to these businesses in the hope of arranging a personal meeting.
? Internet – Quality Training will develop a website advertising its services to the general public.
? Yellow Pages – Quality Training will advertise in the Yellow Pages.
? Networking – Quality Training will join the local Chamber of Commerce, to promote its services and develop relationships with local businesses.
5.3 Marketing materials
? Quality Training will have a brochure professionally produced, outlining our mission, values and the training services we provide.
? Business cards will also be produced and handed to friends and business acquaintances.
? Quality Training will also maintain a professional website which will be updated regularly.
6.0 Pricing strategy
Quality Training holds a competitive advantage over a number of its larger rivals. Owner operated and with low overheads, we are able to charge less for our services, whilst maintaining the same quality of training and generating a profit.
Individual fee structures will be negotiated with each client, based on a number of factors including:
? requirement to conduct needs analysis and/or develop materials
? length of course and number of participants
? one-off course vs. ongoing contract
? Government funding available
? ability to train at the client’s site vs. the need to hire training facilities
? cost of printing training materials ? market rates.
7.0 Review of business plan
This business plan is formulated on assumptions, particularly with regard to financial forecasting.
Consequently, it is the intention of Quality Training to review this business plan on an annual basis.
The review will focus on:
? Effectiveness of marketing strategy:
? number of trainees registered
? number of courses scheduled
? number of client enquiries
? feedback on marketing materials/brochures.
? Financial management:
? expenses actual to projection
? income actual to projection ? adjustments to budget required.
? Strategy review:
? Are we targeting the correct market segment?
? Are we capitalising on networking opportunities?
? Are we under/over-resourced (staff, equipment, etc.)?
? Is the business financially viable?
? Do we need to make any changes to our scope of registration in order to meet customer needs?
? Are we meeting our goals/mission (client and student feedback on training effectiveness)?
? What adjustments need to be made to the business to ensure success?
Appendix 3
Basic Structure of a Business Plan
1. Cover page
Small but important, it should include the name of the business and your name and contact information.
2. Executive Summary
Brief and formal explanation of what your company is, how far is going to reach, and why it is going to be successful. In no more than one page, it should include the mission statement, the description of the industry and the market environment, an explanation of its uniqueness as well as competitive advantages. The financial potential and anticipation of risks, the core team and the stage of the business, especially for those ones that are not starting from scratch, are also vital. Finally, the capital that is requested should be concise and clear.
3. Table of Contents
It should allow readers to quickly skim or flip through to get to the included topic they are most interested in.
4. Business Description
An in-deep overview of the proposed venture. The final aim is to make potential investors quickly grasp the concept of the business and its value proposition.
5. Industry Background
Provide past and current data about the shape, size, trends, and critical features of the industry you are trying to get in. What is the industry? What is the industry outlook? Who is competing in this industry? What are the industry's barriers to entry?
6. Competitive Analysis
Look at current and prospective rivals and competitors. Who are your competitors? Which are your competitors' strengths and weaknesses? What distinguishes your business from theirs? What is the competitive outlook for the industry?
7. Market Analysis
Focus on your customers, their likes, needs, and demographics. The aim is to demonstrate that there is really an opportunity for your venture in the market.
Docum 21 of 34
ent Assessment Task 1-2 & 3 BSBMGT617 Develop and implement a business plan Page
Date created: Sep 2018 Date implemented: Sep 2018 Date reviewed: April 2020 Responsible by: Coordinator
International College of Melbourne | CRICOS: 03416G | TOID: 41136 | admissions@icm.edu.au | www.icm.edu.au
8. Management Summary
Introduce your team and the description of how they are going to rock it together. Every business is a risk, especially when there are no precedents to evaluate. This is why the knowledge, skills, and ability of the team to work together as a capable unit, is one of the first elements that would be evaluated by possible investors. Friends and family, despite their love and trust in us, are not always the wisest choice.
9. Operations Plan
Focus on the daily business activities and the strategies that will support them. With the use of charts, graphs, or tables, you can show complex information such us your breakeven point, your sources of supplies or your manufacturing and distribution process.
10. Marketing plan
Or the detailed strategy of how you are going to sell your product or service. Focus on the opportunity that your business is bringing, and the costumer's buying behavior are primary considerations of a successful marketing strategy. Closely followed by spotting the value that each customer is bringing to your business.
11. Financial Plan
The current and future projections of your business financial performance. In short, every financial plan should focus on the following key components. The capital requirements should reflect on how much money you need to raise, how are you going to use the money or how much you need from investors. Assumptions in terms of growth or internal components of your business should always be backed with strong evidence and experts’ opinions. The income statement as the forecast of your business for the coming three to five years and the balance sheet generally prepared by your accountant. And finally, the cash flow statement showing weather your company is successfully turning its profits into cash.
12. Attachments and milestones
And all those additional documents that can provide valuable, additional information to the business plan.
Source: https://www.forbes.com/sites/palomacanterogomez/2019/07/24/basicstructure-of-a-business-plan-for-beginners/
Assessment Task 2 - Report & Role-play
Implement business plan and monitor performance
Submission details
Candidate’s name
Assessor’s name
Assessment site
Assessment date/s
Assessment description
For this task, you will monitor the performance of a business plan, through testing and refining of the performance measurement system and erite a report
, and report on progress of the business plan in a timely and effective manner.
Assessment instructions
1. Review the completed business plan from Assessment Task 1.
2. Write a report capturing performance data for each performance measure and explaining how the performance measurement system will be implemented, tested and reported
3. This task requires you to meet with your manager (assessor) and discuss and agree upon performance objectives and measures.
4. Form the individuals with specific roles to role-play as agreed by your assessor.
5. Complete the following assessment task activities during the allowed assessment date/s and time/s.
6. The assessment task is due on the date specified by your assessor.
7. Any variations to this arrangement must be approved in writing by your assessor.
8. Submit your work with any required evidence attached.
9. See the specifications above for details of submission requirements.
10. Time allowed for the assessment task is 4 hours.
Specifications
You must submit:
? a report on capturing performance data for each performance measure
? a written report explaining how the performance measurement system will be implemented and tested, and how system/product failures and variances to the business will be reported, to whom and when.
Performance objective
You will demonstrate the skills and knowledge required to monitor the performance of a business plan.
Assessment context
Simulated work environment. This assessment will be conducted within the training facility in the specific training room allocated for the trainee/s during the training sessions planned for assessment using simulated workplace scenario with the access to materials and equipment facilitated by your assessor.
Required resources
4. Assessment task 2, assessment instructions
5. Computer with Internet access and word-process software (MS Word) 6. Workspace, table, chair and stationery and access to:
a. appropriate documentation and resources normally used in the workplace
b. strategic, business and operational plans
c. business information and data
d. interaction with others.
Your assessor will be looking for:
implement a business plan including ensuring skilled labour is available, and that training is provided where appropriate monitor and respond to business performance including evaluation of performance against key results indicators including profit and loss, community awareness or branding, environmental impact, governance, quality, sales, triple bottom line and the workforce
consult, communicate with and report to key stakeholders including business partners, financiers, customers, staff and technical advisers
Your Task
Report
1. Write a report undertaking the following activities
2. Read, review and evaluate the completed business plan from Assessment Task
1 and analyse and interpret business vision, mission, values and objectives
3. Identify at least three key performance objectives.
4. For each key performance objective capture and test the performance measure.
5. Write an implementation plan
6. Include skilled labour that is available and required to implement plan
7. Explain in your report how you would test the performance measurement systems, including:
a. Acceptable levels of variance to planned objectives (where applicable).
b. The timeframe for each report – how frequently reports will be completed.
c. What benchmarking will be used.
d. Who the key stakeholder will be for each report?
Role-play
8. Organize a meeting with key stakeholders including business partners, financiers, customers, staff and technical advisers (your assessor will play business partners role and your fellow trainees will play the other stakeholder roles).
9. Communicate business plan to all relevant parties and:
a. ensure understanding of performance requirements and timeframes
b. explain skilled labour that is available to implement plan
c. explain financial, human and physical resource requirements for the business
d. discuss performance measurement systems and refine, if necessary
e. describe any permits or licenses that may be required for new activity
10. Identify and report:
a. possible system failures,
b. product failures and
c. variances to the business plan as they occur
d. Ensure timely reports on all key aspects of the business are available, user-friendly and balanced in terms of financial and non-financial performance
Assessment Task 3 - Report
Respond to performance data
Submission details
Candidate’s name
Assessor’s name
Assessment site
Assessment date/s
Assessment description
In this assessment task, you will analyse performance data and reports against planned objectives, implement strategies to refine performance indicators, and address coaching and training needs. You are also required to develop and recommend processes for the review of systems, procedures and work methods.
Assessment instructions
11. Review the case study ‘B&A Toy Warehouse’.
12. Critically analyse the information and write a brief report, responding to each activity.
13. The assessment task is due on the date specified by your assessor.
14. Any variations to this arrangement must be approved in writing by your assessor.
15. Submit your work with any required evidence attached.
16. See the specifications above for details of submission requirements.
17. The assessment task is due on the date specified by your assessor.
18. Any variations to this arrangement must be approved in writing by your assessor.
19. Time allowed for the assessment task is 4 hours.
Specifications to submit
You must submit a written report that addresses all questions in the case study.
Performance objective
You will demonstrate the skills and knowledge required to analyse performance reports, review performance indicators and take appropriate action to address systems failures and variances to the business plan.
Submit this document with any required evidence attached. See specifications below for details.
Assessment context
Simulated work environment. This assessment will be conducted within the training facility in the specific training room allocated for the trainee/s during the training sessions planned for assessment using simulated workplace scenario with the access to materials and equipment facilitated by your assessor.
Required resources
7. Assessment task 2, assessment instructions
8. Computer with Internet access and word-process software (MS Word) 9. Workspace, table, chair and stationery and access to:
a. appropriate documentation and resources normally used in the workplace
b. strategic, business and operational plans
c. business information and data
d. interaction with others.
Your assessor will be looking for:
monitor and respond to business performance including evaluation of performance against key results indicators including: profit and loss, community awareness or branding, environmental impact, governance, quality, sales, triple bottom line and the workforce
Your Task – Write a report
A. Read and review the case study ‘B&A Toy Warehouse’ provided in appendix.
B. Critically analyse the information and write a brief report, responding to each following question in the case study.
1. Compare the current performance against desired performance levels and:
a. identify the corrective actions required to achieve the business plan goal of improving warehouse productivity by 10%.
b. describe what type of corrective actions you recommend for each performance improvement (e.g. interim, adaptive, corrective, preventative or contingency)?
2. Critically analyse the performance against planned objectives and identify areas of non-performance.
3. Report on systems failures which contributed to these results. Consider failures in communication, planning, reporting and training.
4. Review performance indicators and refine if necessary. Comment on the suitability of performance indicators and what changes might be required to achieve organisational goals.
5. Recommend performance improvement strategies.
6. Identify and redefine performance measures, if necessary.
7. Document a training and development strategy to address the performance of underperforming individuals or teams.
a. Identify development needs of individuals and groups.
b. Identify training/coaching needs.
c. Present in a development plan.
8. Develop a strategy for reviewing systems processes and work methods at B&A Toy Warehouse.
9. Describe how the implementation of your strategy would lead to continuous improvement.
10. Answer the following three questions in general terms (not related to case study):
a. Outline processes for developing business plans
b. Describe performance objectives and measures including key performance indicators
c. Identify key stakeholders you are required to consult when developing business plan in an organisation.
Appendix
Case study: B&A Toy Warehouse
You have been provided with the following information pertaining to the operation of B&A Toy Warehouse. Review and analyse the information provided, and answer each of the five questions in this case study.
Evaluating performance measures
After identifying the performance measures, Tony evaluated performance by comparing current performance against the desired level of performance. This allowed him to determine areas for improvement to assist the warehouse in achieving its productivity goal.
Area Current performance Performance target to achieve
10% productivity improvement
Time
Average order processing time 80 minutes 72 minutes
Cost
Average cost to process an order $200.00 $180.00
Quality
Error rate 10% Less than 1%
Production
Average number of orders processed per day 50 55
Format for the activity 3
Area Required corrective action
Time
Average order processing time
Cost
Average cost to process an order
Quality
Error rate
Production
Average number of orders processed per day
Analyse systems and processes
After implementing his strategy to monitor and evaluate performance, Tony has identified the areas that require corrective action. Tony knows that in order to do this, he must first complete a more detailed analysis of the warehouse systems and processes, and identify the specific steps required to improve productivity.
Systems
Two years ago, the warehouse implemented a custom-built electronic warehouse management system (WMS) which has had an enormous impact on productivity. When completing his review, Tony asks the following questions to ensure that the system effectively supports warehouse operations:
? Has the warehouse achieved the productivity goals that were to be delivered by this system?
? What is the occurrence rate of the system being out of order and impacting on the packing of orders?
? How long does it take to train new staff members to use the system?
? How do the employees who use the system rate its ability in assisting them to process customer orders efficiently?
Tony also uses the system to generate a series of reports that allow him to analyse warehouse systems and processes. The reports details:
? number of orders packed per hour, per day
? time required to pack each order
? number of packers per order ? number of boxes per order.
Tony also documents the process (from order receipt to dispatch) to assist with his analysis, and to help him to understand the exact process followed in packing an order (see the following page).
Tony also completes the following SWOT analysis to assist with his review.
Warehouse order processing systems and process
Strengths:
? Warehouse Management System automates administrative components of the process.
? Simple process for packing and distributing customer orders.
? Good orientation and induction programs for new staff, to ensure they get up to speed quickly. Weaknesses:
? Absenteeism.
? Warehouse layout – stock difficult to access.
? Warehouse supervisors are all junior and new to management roles; they require intensive coaching and support from Warehouse Manager.
Opportunities:
? Warehouse extension to facilitate better layout.
? Preferred supplier arrangement to be established with temporary workforce supplier, to ensure provision of temporary labour. Threats:
? Forklift licence requirements mean that not all staff can drive a forklift.
? The above requirements also require staff to have time away from packing floor to attend training.
? Industrial action from Union members due to lack of licensed forklift drivers.
Performance measures and assessment tools and techniques
At the commencement of the performance year, Tony tasked his management team to complete balanced scorecards for all warehouse team members, and record the key result areas (KRAs) and key performance indicators (KPIs) for each role. This was done to ensure that all warehouse employees understood the performance measures for their role.
The scorecards were last accessed two months ago to complete annual performance reviews.
Tony contacted the Human Resource Manager to obtain a report detailing the KRA’s, KPI’s and performance ratings for all warehouse employees. He wants to evaluate the performance review process and the effectiveness of these measures in assisting the warehouse to achieve its operational plan goals.
Upon reviewing the report provided by Human Resources, Tony discovered:
? Only 80% of employees have documented KRA’s and KPI’s – 20% of employees do not know what performance level is expected of them.
? KPI’s are not aligned with warehouse goals – employees are not clear on what the warehouse is trying to achieve.
? Majority of KPI’s are not written using SMART format – they are not providing employees with clear expectations on what needs to be achieved and by when.
? Performance ratings indicate that 50% of employees exceeded performance expectations for the last performance year, which is inconsistent with warehouse end-of-year results (the warehouse did not achieve its operational plan goals last performance year).
Performance reports
As Warehouse Manager, Tony is tasked with the following human resource KRA’s:
Ware house
Human Resou rces Scorecard
Key Result Area Metric
Absenteeism 3%
Turnover 8%
Long service leave liability $2.0 million
Annual leave liability $1.5 million
Employee engagement 85%
Employee attended training sessions 45
Warehouse Human Resources Monthly Performance Report
Report name Human Resources Monthly Report
Department Warehouse
Period 201X Year to Date
Key Result Area Target Actual
Absenteeism 3% 3.9%
Turnover 8% 9.2%
Long service leave liability $2.0 million $1.8 million
Annual leave liability $1.5 million $1.2 million
Employee engagement 85% 83%
Employee attended training sessions 45 32
Identifying trends
To assist Tony in understanding the warehouse operations, and to identify where he can make improvements to achieve performance objectives and measures, Tony graphs the number of orders processed and absenteeism for each month over the last year.