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Assessment Task I: Research Task
1. Provide a definition of the concept of diversity. (Short)
2. Diversity means more than just acknowledging and/or tolerating differences. Identify and briefly explain three (3) characteristics of someone who is implementing the conscious practice of diversity into their workplace role (Short)
3. Provide a description of the following: (Short)
a. cultural awareness
b. cultural safety
c. cultural competence
4. Please answer the following questions:
a. In the space provided below, explain how cultural awareness, cultural safety and cultural competence impact the role of Nurses/Support Workers when working with clients, co-workers, and external agency staff members, all from diverse social and cultural backgrounds. (Short)
Impact on the Work Environment and Role of Nurses/Support Workers
Cultural Awareness
Cultural Safety
Cultural
Competence
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b. How you can improve upon your own self and social awareness? Provide one example for each of the cultural
components in the space provided below:
Ways to Improve Self and Social Awareness
Cultural Awareness
Cultural Safety
Cultural Competence
5. Answer the following questions about political and economic diversity in Australia, and how these themes impact different areas of work and life. (Medium)
a. How does the Australian Domestic Policy affect the work environment?
b. What impact on the community do political leaders have when making public statements about diversity in Australia? Particularly when different political figures hold such varying opinions?
c. How has immigration contributed to economic diversity in Australia?
6. Answer the following questions about social and cultural diversity in Australia; elaborate on how diversity may affect different areas of work and life: (Medium)
a. How has immigration changed the cultural makeup of Australia over the past 3 decades?
b. How has population diversity impacted the workforce and care services in Australia?
7. Research Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and people to answer the following questions. (Long)
a. Identify two (2) social, two (2) political, and two (2) economical issues affecting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Provide one (I) example (for each Issue) of a program and/or project that the Australian Government or other initiative group has implemented to address these issues.
Aspect Issues Program and Projects (at least one for each issue)
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Social
Political
Economic
b. Read the key aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture (listed below) Populate facts and key aspects of your own culture, then identify the potential impacts on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders due to these cultural differences.
Key aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture Key aspects of my own culture Potential impacts due to cultural differences
Language
145 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are spoken in Australia, however only 18 remain strong (strong meaning they are spoken by people of all ages) Language Language
Social (Marriage)
Aboriginal people have complex social and marriage laws, based on the grouping of people with their society. Under Aboriginal law. a person cannot marry someone else from within their group. This custom (where a person has to marry outside their group) is called exogamy. Social (Marriage) Social (Marriage)
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Religion
Aboriginal religion, like other religions, is characterised by having a god or gods who created people and the surrounding environment during a particular creation period at the beginning of time.
Aboriginal people are very religious and spiritual, but rather than praying to a single god, each group generally believes in a number of different deities. There is no afterlife in Indigenous Australian religions, and no heaven or hell. Religion ^eligioi^
History
Aboriginal people are the oldest surviving culture in the world, having established ways of managing their land and society that were sustainable and ensured good health. They have occupied Australia for at least 60,000 years. Indigenous Australians were drastically impacted by British colonisation, as disease, implementation of land ownership and violence against these people resulted in reduction of their overall population and traditional culture. History History
c. Read the key aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture (listed below). Populate facts about the key aspects of Western Systems and Culture, then identify the potential impacts on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders due to these cultural differences.
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Key aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture Key aspects of Western Systems and culture Potential impacts due to cultural differences
Language
145 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are spoken in Australia, however only 18 remain strong (strong meaning they are spoken by people of all ages) Language Language
Social (Marriage)
Aboriginal people have complex social and marriage laws based on the grouping of people within their society. Under Aboriginal law, a person cannot marry someone else from within their group. This custom, where a person has to marry outside their group, is called exogamy. Social (Marriage) Social (Marriage)
Religion
Aboriginal religion, like other religions, is characterised by having a god or gods who created people and the surrounding environment during a particular creation period at the beginning of time.
Aboriginal people are very religious and spiritual, but rather than praying to a single god, each group generally believes in a number of different deities. There is no afterlife in Indigenous Australian religions and no heaven or hell. Religion Religion
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History
Aboriginal people are the oldest surviving culture in the world, having established ways of managing their land and society that were sustainable while ensuring good health. They have occupied Australia for at least 60,000 years. Indigenous Australians were drastically impacted by British colonisation, as disease, implementation of land ownership and violence against these people resulted in reduction of their overall population and traditional culture. History History
Lifestyle
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders were happier and healthier because they led a simple life with few disruptions. If they went out for a walk, it meant they were walking.
The used to eat real ‘bush’ food: food free from preservatives, artificial sweeteners and genetically modified ingredients.
Food was seasonal and grown properly; with fewer pesticides making it more nutritious.
Better Environment.
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders use to live in a healthier environment with less pollution.
They led a more disciplined life.
They ate on time and slept on time.
Their immunity was better as they inhaled fresh air.
They had fewer distractions and mainly focused on work and family. Lifestyle Lifestyle
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d. Identify four (4) issues that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people face when engaging with health services.
8. Take into consideration the legal and ethical context of discrimination and answer the following questions;
(Medium)
a. As an Enrolled Nurse/Support Worker, how do you ensure that you do not discriminate against any clients?
b. Describe at least three (3) cultural biases or social expectations which may exist and affect each of the following individuals (in a workplace environment). Identify the impact on the individuals and the relevant Legislations, Acts or Laws that are proclaimed by governments to help protect them.
individual Biases and expectations Impact Relevant Law/Act/Legislation
Someone of a young age
Someone of an older generation
A person with a disability
A Muslim woman wearing a hijab
Someone who is transgender or intersex
c. See below a list of four (4) Commonwealth Laws which exist to protect people from discrimination. Research and populate the table with the eight (8) anti-discrimination legistrations that exist on a state/territory level
Commonwealth laws State/territory laws
1 Age Discrimination Act 2004
2 Age Discrimination Act 2004
3 Racial Discrimination Act 1975
4 Sex Discrimination Act 1984
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5
6
7
8
d. What strategies should you adopt when facilitating an individual support plan to ensure you do not discriminate against a client?
e. What are the consequences to you as a staff member if you discriminate (intentionally or unintentionally) against a client?
9. Look up the Universal Declaration of Human Rights document and describe what it is, according to the preamb Identify four (4) main defining points from the preamble. (Short)
10. What is the relationship between Human Needsand Human Rights! Provide a brief explanation. (Medium)
I I. How does a person-centred approach in a Nursing/Residential Care environment relate to human rights and various alike legislations in Australia? (Short)
12. Australia is a party to the seven (7) core human rights treaties; (Medium)
a. List these treaties in the Australian Human Rights Frameworks.
b. List three (3) different approaches/instruments used in the workplace which help ensure people's human righ and needs are being accounted for
13. Answer the following questions regarding the rights and responsibilities of the following parties. List two (2) right and two (2) responsibilities for the following stakeholders; (Medium)
a. Nurses
b. The employer
c. The client
d. What are the appropriate actions when rights are being infringed or responsibilities not being carried out by any of the parties listed above?
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14. Provide a description of the characteristics for each of the key areas of diversity (listed below)
Key areas of diversity Characteristics
a. Culture,
Race,
Ethnicity
b. Disability
c. Religious or spiritual beliefs
d. Gender, including transgender
e. Intersex
f. Generational
g. Sexual orientation /sexual identity including
• Lesbian
• Gay
• Bisexual
• Transgender
• Queer
• Questioning
• 2-spirit
• Heterosexual
IS. In the context of Nursing/Residential Care, what resources can an organisation provide to their staff to help embrace diversity? Provide an example for each key area of diversity listed below:
Key areas of diversity Characteristics
a) Culture, race, ethnicity
b) Disability
c) Religious or spiritual beliefs
d) Gender, including transgender
e) Intersex
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f) Generational
g) Sexual orientation /sexual identity including:
• Lesbian
• Gay
• Bisexual
• Transgender
• Queer
• Questioning
• 2-spirit
• Heterosexual
I 6. Answer the following questions about marginalised groups in Australia. (Medium)
a. What are the five domains of disadvantage?
b. What are the indicators of these domains that contribute to marginalisation?
c. What are the potential impacts on an individual who experiences any of the following; discrimination, trauma, exclusion and negative attitudes?
d. When assisting marginalised Australians who have entered care, what addition considerations need to be taker into account in regard to physical, mental and emotional health issues?
e. Marginalised Australians have specific needs which relate to a sense of security. Name two (2) protective factors (e.g.: structured access to free education primary education) which assist a marginalised person in Australia to feel included in Society?
17. Provide two (2) examples of resources that support individuals and organisations to embrace and respond to diversity.
18. Describe how the use of imagery in the workplace can increase an appreciation of diversity?
19. Explain what a language interpreter is and under what circumstances your organisation would use one for language and cultural purposes? (Short)
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f) Generational
g) Sexual orientation /sexual identity including:
• Lesbian
• Gay
• Bisexual
• Transgender
• Queer
• Questioning
• 2-spirit
• Heterosexual
16. Answer the following questions about marginalised groups in Australia. (Medium)
a. What are the five domains of disadvantage?
b. What are the indicators of these domains that contribute to marginalisation?
c. What are the potential impacts on an individual who experiences any of the following; discrimination, trauma, exclusion and negative attitudes?
d. When assisting marginalised Australians who have entered care, what addition considerations need to be taker into account in regard to physical, mental and emotional health issues?
e. Marginalised Australians have specific needs which relate to a sense of security. Name two (2) protective factors (e g.: structured access to free education primary education) which assist a marginalised person in Australia to feel included in Society?
I 7. Provide two (2) examples of resources that support individuals and organisations to embrace and respond to diversity.
18. Describe how the use of imagery in the workplace can increase an appreciation of diversity?
19. Explain what a language interpreter is and under what circumstances your organisation would use one for language and cultural purposes? (Short)
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20. Answer the following questions about what impact the increase in population diversity can have on a person's personal behaviour, interpersonal relationships, and perception and social expectations of others in the workplace.
(Short)
a. personal behaviour,
b. interpersonal relationships,
c. perception and social expectations of others in the workplace
21. The following question requires you to read the information provided below, then complete the following self-reflection table regarding your own social/cultural perspectives and biases.
There can be many reasons why you might feel awkward around people in a healthcare setting. You may not be accustomed to being around various groups of people; or you may even have grown up in a family/school/community that encouraged conflict with people who were different in some way. Spend some time thinking about how human differences have made you feel uncomfortable in the past. Sometimes it is difficult to identify these assumptions, because we think of them as true; or we do not recognise our inherited attitudes. Bein; objective about your personal biases may not be an easy task, but it can be valuable to identify any preconceptions you may have about people from other cultural backgrounds. This will improve your compassion whilst carrying out your role as a Nurse/Support Worker. Remember that there are many instances in life where differences can be amicably expressed.
a. After reflecting on your personal biases, describe two (2) types of people/situations that may make you feel awkward/uncomfortable (due to cultural differences):
Characteristics Example
Type of person / situation you feel uncomfortable around.
How are they different from you?
Why do you think you feel uncomfortable around them?
Do you think you feel this way
a) due to personal experiences or
b) as a result of diversity?
List some similarities between yourself and this group of people.
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b. List at least five (5) ‘Strategies' that you can act on, or participate in, to improve your social awareness and reduce your cultural biases. Identify a ‘Short Term' and ‘Long Term’ improvement for each strategy that you could implement in order to achieve it.
Strategies Short Term Improvements Long Term Improvements

22. In the Nursing /Residential Care profession, it is likely that you will encounter people of different race, gender and sexual orientation. It is important to have an understanding of appropriate terminologies which relate to these differences so that you can accept and understand the diversity of your clients. Provide a definition for each term listed in the table below: (Medium)
Terminology Definition
Culture race and ethnicity
Disability
Religious or spiritual beliefs
Gender (including transgender)
Intersex
Generational
Sexual orientation (define each of these: lesbian, gay, bisexual, heterosexual)
23. The western system and structures can impact on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in both a negative and positive aspects in relation to accessing services in the community (for example, healthcare). Please discuss
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the importance of engagement between western system and structure and the impact on indigenous populations in Australia. (Short)
24. Language barriers are commonly encountered in the Nursing / Ageing support profession and it is important to have strategies to help deal with this. Please describe how imagery may be used to assist a language barrier?
(Short)
25. Please complete the table below regarding Legislative Acts. Provide a description for each of the following items:
(Long)
• Objective of the Act
• Manifestation of Breach (example of the Act being broken)
• Impact on the Victim
• Consequence to the Perpetrator
Act Objective of the Act Manifestation of Breach Impact on the Victim Consequence to the Perpetrator
The Racial
Discrimination
Act 1975
The Sex
Discrimina tion
Act 1984
Australian
Human Rights
Commission
Act 1986
The Disability
Discrimination
Act 1992
Racial Hatred
Act 1995
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Age
Discrimination
Act 2004
Equal Opportunity for Women in the Workplace 1999
Universal
Declaration of
Human Rights
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