HND701: Pathophysiology of Diabetes
Assessment 2: Complications of diabetes
This document supplies detailed information on assessment tasks for this unit.
• Due: Monday 27 May, 2019 – no later than 11.59pm EST • Weighting: 60%
• Word count: 3000 words
Diabetes Educators are required to teach clients and their families about ‘the relationship between diabetes and other health conditions and how to prevent, recognise and treat short term and long term complications’1.
The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with the opportunity to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of how diabetes can progress to microvascular and macrovascular complications, including the related pathophysiology, risk factors, prevention and diagnosis.
There are 3 parts to this assessment task. You are required to answer each part.
‘Metabolic memory’ is a term that describes the benefits of periods of prolonged intensive glucose management, or the harm caused by prolonged periods of hyperglycaemia. Search current research literature to locate a clinical research study that supports this statement. Discuss the findings from the study in relation to the prevention of diabetes-related complications. (500 words)
Atherosclerosis is a macrovascular complication of diabetes. Describe the metabolic syndrome and how this contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. (500 words) Part 3 Nephropathy is a microvascular complication of diabetes. Describe nephropathy and discuss the risk factors, signs and symptoms, pathophysiology and progression pathway and multidisciplinary treatment options for the prevention and management of this complication. Explain strategies to prevent the development/progression of nephropathy in people with type 2 diabetes. Your discussion should include how kidney function should be assessed and how often, include targets for blood glucose, blood pressure and blood lipid control to (1600 words).
1 ADEA Role and Scope of Practice for Credentialled Diabetes Educators in Australia (2015) http://www.adea.com.au/about-us/our-publications/
This assessment assesses the following Unit Learning Outcomes (ULO) and related Graduate Learning Outcomes (GLO):
Unit Learning Outcome (ULO)
Graduate Learning Outcome (GLO)
ULO 4: Apply knowledge of human metabolism to practical situations that affect people with diabetes. GLO 1: Discipline- specific knowledge and capabilities: appropriate to the level of study related to a discipline or profession
ULO 5: Critically analyse the pathogenesis and possible methods of treatment/prevention for long term complications with diabetes. GLO 2: Communication: using oral, written and interpersonal communication to inform, motivate and effect change
ULO 6: Explain multidisciplinary and collaborative approaches to contemporary risk management strategies to safely manage patients with diabetes and reduce risk for developing long-term complications. GLO 4: Critical thinking GLO 5: Problem solving
• Use information from what you have learned from the course material, readings and your own research of the topic.
• Draw on theoretical concepts provided in the unit.
• Familiarise yourself with the online resources provided on Future Learn.
• Access relevant contemporary literature to support the information in your essay. References should mainly include refereed journal articles and text books.
· The suggested readings in the unit are a good place to start. References to non-peer reviewed websites, information designed for consumers and/or Wikipedia are
not appropriate for this assessment task.
· Make sure you self-assess your assignment against the marking rubric available before submission. This enables you to make sure all the required areas have been
· Front page: to include student name and number, Assignment title and word count.
· Adhere to word limit requirements (within 10%). The word count does not include headings, references page, reference citations and direct quotes.
· A reference list should be provided on a separate page headed ‘References’ at the end of the assignment.
· Appendices (if applicable) are attached after the reference list page.
· Do not include a table of contents unless instructed to do so.
· Headings are not necessary for this assignment task.
12-point type size.
Times or Times New Roman.
Double-line spacing throughout, including reference list (Do not insert extra lines between paragraphs or the references list entries.)
Page numbers to be provided in the top right hand corner on all pages except the front page.
2.54 cm at the top, bottom, left-hand, and right-hand sides of the page.
Indent the first line of each paragraph (using the tab key or paragraph tool).
Exceptions: abstract, block quotations, titles and headings, table titles and notes (consult with APA 6 style manual for specific detail).
Justification of text
All text needs to be aligned to the left, not justified. Structure
Your assignment must contain a purposeful introduction outlining some general background to the topic, an aim and purpose and themes for discussion (approximately 10% of the word limit).
The body of the assignment will constitute about 80% of the word limit and provide key arguments supported by literature. The body of the assignment is normally organised in paragraphs of approximately 150 words with each paragraph focused on explanation of one idea. There should be a logical progression of ideas as demonstrated by logically linked arguments/discussion made in each paragraph. Each paragraph should commence with a topic sentence and end with a link to the next paragraph.
The conclusion paragraph should provide a summation of ideas, draw together the discussion, present no new material (references are not expected in the conclusion paragraph) and offer your position drawn from the discussion (approximately 10% of the word limit).
Academic writing style
The conventions of written English are expected to be followed to ensure clarity of discussion. This includes correct use of grammar, punctuation and spelling as well as the use of appropriate sentence and paragraph structure. It is also expected that word choice will be formal and professional language will be used.
Resources for essay writing
The following links provide guidance for essay writing
http://www.deakin.edu.au/students/studying/study-support/academic-skills/academic-style http://www.deakin.edu.au/students/studying/study-support/academic-skills/essay-writing http://www.apastyle.org/
Acknowledge sources and adhere to referencing conventions as per APA Style www.deakin.edu.au/referencing
Paraphrasing and direct quotations
Unless really necessary, most assignments do not require the use of direct quotes. Instead, re-expression of author arguments (paraphrasing) into your own words is required. Paraphrasing of author arguments/statements must be supported by a reference. If a direct quotation is used, you must explain how it adds to the discussion and
provide a reference as per APA Style guide 6.
Turnitin (Feedback Studio)
The Turnitin/Feedback Studio is a program that allows you to check whether there is any copied material in your assignment. Checking prior to submission in the dropbox gives you the opportunity to correct any errors. See the following link to Turnitin
Academic integrity, plagiarism and collusion
Plagiarism and collusion constitute extremely serious breaches of academic integrity. They are forms of cheating, and severe penalties are associated with them, including cancellation of marks for a specific assignment, for a specific unit or even exclusion from the course. If you are ever in doubt about how to properly use and cite a source of information refer to the referencing site above.
Plagiarism occurs when a student passes off as the student’s own work, or copies without acknowledgement as to its authorship, the work of any other person or resubmits their own work from a previous assessment task. Collusion occurs when a student obtains the agreement of another person for a fraudulent purpose, with the intent of obtaining an advantage in submitting an assignment or other work.
Work submitted may be reproduced and/or communicated by the university for the purpose of assuring academic integrity of submissions: https://www.deakin.edu.au/students/study-support/referencing/academic-integrity
Your assignment is to be converted to a PDF document before submission. Please check the document before submitting to the dropbox to ensure the formatting has not changed. Software for converting word documents to PDF is available to download from the Deakin software catalogue at no cost.
This assignment task is to be submitted via Turnitin - FutureLearn Step (Course 5, Week 1).
To ensure appropriate support is available should any technical issues arise, you are strongly advised to submit your assignment before 4pm on the due date. You are responsible for ensuring that the correct version of your assessment task is properly uploaded into the correct assessment dropbox.
Requests for extensions should be made to the Unit Chair well in advance of the assessment due date. Please follow the link for detailed information and form: http://healthex.deakin.edu.au/
You may be eligible for special consideration if circumstances beyond your control prevent you from undertaking or completing an assessment task at the scheduled time. See the following link for advice on the application process: http://www.deakin.edu.au/students/studying/assessment-and-results/special-consideration
Individual feedback on your assessment task will be available after the feedback release date from where you submit your assignment. Feedback is provided via written comments on your assignment and on the rubric. Review your feedback and use it to help you in your next assignment.
HND701 Pathophysiology of Diabetes
Assessment Task 2: Complications of diabetes - Rubric
Performance standards High Distinction
(80 – 100) Distinction
(70 – 79) Credit
(60 – 69) Pass
(50 – 59) Unsatisfactory (0 – 49)
A relevant trial selected. A synthesised response Concepts have been Response describes Identifies a basic set of Trial selected not relevant
Explanation demonstrates that exhibits accurate integrated into a coherent concepts in depth but correct but disconnected or discussion does not
understanding of the outcome breadth and depth of body of knowledge each are treated facts and definitions of demonstrate
of the trial and the understanding of demonstrating deep separately. the concepts. understanding of the
significance of this. concepts and includes inferences and recommendations. understanding. relevance of the outcome of the trial.
Limited facts provided and/or are not correct or not relevant to the topic.
(20 marks) ( 16-20 marks) (14-15 marks) (12-13 marks) (10-11 marks) (0-9 marks)
Explanation demonstrates A synthesised response Concepts have been Response describes Identifies a basic set of Does not demonstrate
understanding of metabolic that exhibits accurate integrated into a coherent concepts in depth but correct but disconnected understanding of the
syndrome and it’s link to breadth and depth of body of knowledge each are treated facts and definitions of metabolic syndrome and
atherosclerosis. understanding of concepts and includes demonstrating deep understanding. separately. the concepts. it’s link to atherosclerosis.
(20 marks) inferences and recommendations. (14-15 marks) (12-13 marks) (10-11 marks) (0-9 marks)
Explanation demonstrates understanding of nephropathy, prevention, risk factors, signs and symptoms, progression pathway and multidisciplinary treatment options.
(30 marks) A synthesised response that exhibits accurate breadth and depth of understanding of concepts and includes inferences and recommendations. (24-30 marks) Concepts have been integrated into a coherent body of knowledge demonstrating deep understanding.
(21-23 marks) Response describes concepts in depth but each are treated separately.
(18-20 marks) Identifies a basic set of correct but disconnected facts and definitions of the concepts.
(15-17 marks) Explanation does not demonstrate understanding of nephropathy, prevention, risk factors, signs and symptoms, progression pathway and multidisciplinary treatment options (0-14 marks)
Relevant literature selected and used to support claims
(10marks) Consistently accesses the most appropriate professional literature which is skillfully used to support and develop idea.
(8-10 marks) Consistently accesses the most appropriate professional literature which is skillfully used to support and ideas.
(7 marks) Usually accessed relevant professional literature which was used to support ideas.
(6 marks) Accessed a limited variety of professional literature from relevant databases and mostly supports idea.
(5 marks) Selects information that lacks relevance and quality or/not used to support discussion.
Referencing style is accurate and consistent with APA style
(10 marks) Adhered to APA
referencing style with an
occasional minor error in Adhered to APA referencing style with several minor errors in Adhered to APA referencing style with many minor errors or one Referencing style is consistent with APA style with more than one Using style of referencing other than APA in text and/or reference list.
text or the reference list.
(8-10 marks) text or the reference list.
(7 marks) significant gap or error in significant gap or error in
text or the reference list.
(6 marks) text and the reference list. (5 marks)
Assignment is presented and structured according to instructions.
AND Assignment is presented according to instructions and is written with a high level of clarity and fluency, and is virtually error-free. Assignment is presented according to instructions and is written with clarity and fluency, but has several minor errors/gaps. Assignment is presented mostly according to instructions.
Standard of writing is clear but has some errors. Assignment is presented mostly according to instructions.
Errors in grammar, sentence structure and / or punctuation which detract from readability at times. Not presented according to instructions. Lacks expected structure.
Multiple errors in spelling/grammar and/or punctuation that significantly detracts from readability throughout.
Writing easy to read and uses discipline specific language
(10 marks) (8-10 marks) (7 marks) (6 marks) (5 marks) (0-4 marks)