Due 3 May 2019, 5:00pm
While there have been some improvements in the health and well-being of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in recent decades, Indigenous Australians remain considerably more disadvantaged in long term health and socioeconomic outcomes compared with their non- Indigenous counterparts (AIHW 2014). Indigenous Australians experience higher rates of poor health, poverty, poor nutrition, inadequate housing and other social and health problems relative to non-Indigenous Australians (Mitrou et al. 2014). This disparity in health and social outcomes is often the result of a complex array of interrelated cultural, economic, environmental, geographical and social factors that impact upon the health and well-being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander people. Much of this observed discrepancy has been attributed to so-called “determinants of health” factors, which are defined as those non-health indicators of life outcomes which influence an individual’s health status across the course of their life (Canuto et al. 2017). These determinants of health factors are listed below.
Determinants of health factors:
Employment and income
Racism and racial discrimination
Community safety Transport
Health behaviours and lifestyle (e.g. tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical activity, diet and nutrition).
For this assignment you must choose FOUR determinants of health factors from the above list and provide a discussion of approximately 450 words for each of these four factors on how they impact on the health and wellbeing of a person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background. Your responses are to be presented as a formal scholarly essay, supported with reliable sources of evidence (e.g. journal articles or textbooks), and referenced correctly using the Unisa Harvard Referencing System.
The paper must be presented as a formal scholarly essay in the following format:
Introduction (100 words)
The introduction should provide the reader with all necessary information for what will be discussed in the assignment and to orientate the reader to the whole document giving the paper context.
Body of Essay (1800 words)
This section should discuss the four factors (450 words each) that impact on the health and well- being of a person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background.
Conclusion (100 words)
The conclusion serves the important function of tying together the whole assignment. It does not introduce new ideas, new literature or direct quotes. The conclusion needs to draw together the important aspects of the assignment and leave the reader with the impression of completeness and of a positive gain.
A minimum of 8 references (two for each factor discussed) from reliable sources of evidence such as journal articles, textbooks and reports from government/research centres should support the assignment. They should be referenced correctly using the Harvard Referencing System.