Recent Question/Assignment

Contents
Transition Information 2
Assessment process 3
Process for submitting assessments 3
Outcomes: 4
Reasonable Adjustment 4
Overview of assessment 5
Student Instructions 5
Units of Competency and Tasks 6
CHCDIV001 Work with diverse people 7
HLTAAP002 Confrim Physical Health Status 28
HLTENN001 Practice nursing within the Australian health care system 33
HLTENN002 Apply communication skills in Nursing 42
HLTENN003 Perform clinical Assessment and contribute to planning nursing care 52
HLTENN004 Contribute to planning nursing care 56
HLTENN008 Apply legal and ethical parameters to nursing practice 70
HLTENN013 Implement and monitor care of the older person 102
HLTINF001 Comply with infection prevention and control policies and procedures 131
HLTWHS002 Follow safe work practices for direct client care 147
Transition Information
This Assessment booklet contains the necessary assessment items to ensure a smooth transition from superseded units of competency that you have previously completed with CTA. The assessments in this booklet have been created after the assessments you have previously completed were mapped (compared) to the new units of competency. Further materials can be found in Moodle
Even though parts of the title sound the same as units that you have previously completed, there is significant difference in the knowledge and skills components of the units. What this means, is there will be assessment items you will need to undertake to close any gaps identified during the mapping process in order for you to meet the outcomes for the new Diploma of Nursing.
Seek help and advice from your Educator on any part of any assessment that you need assistant with.
Assessment process
Your Assessor must discuss their feedback with you and ask you to sign the assessment summary acknowledging agreement with the result. If you have been found Not Yet Competent, the assessor will provide you with feedback explaining why this decision has been made and what you are required to do before being re-assessed. If you disagree with the assessor’s judgement, the assessor must explain the appeal process and provide you with any relevant documentation. The assessor will find a mutually convenient time to discuss any questions or concerns you have regarding your ability to complete the assessments. The assessor will also consider whether any additional support services should be provided to support you. If the assessor deems that you do not have the skills or knowledge to complete the unit, they will discuss this with The RTO Operations Manager.
• You are entitled to two assessment attempts at no additional cost.
• Each re-assessment attempt will be negotiated with the Assessor and should be programmed to enable you to have the best chance for success.
• Your Trainer/Assessor will provide you with direction on the further learning required for your next assessment attempt, this may involve additional theory or classroom learning.
• Your Assessor may apply reasonable adjustment to the subsequent assessment attempts, where required.
• At the end of your second unsuccessful assessment attempt, a formal counselling session will occur to discuss your options and enrolment at CTA.
• Post this process, you may re-enrol, and the learning and assessment process will commence from the beginning of the unit
Process for submitting assessments
Your Training Plan and Class Delivery schedule specifically outlines the due dates of each of your assessments. You must adhere to this timetable. If you need extra time to complete an assessment you must discuss this with your Nurse Educator before the due date. Extensions to assessments can be granted in agreement with you, your Nurse Educator and where applicable the RTO General Manager. The following requirements apply to all written assessments:
• All questions must be answered in full and using your own words.
• Hand written assessments must be legible and in either BLUE or BLACK pen.
• Assessments can be word processed. You must use:
? Arial font
? Size 12
? 1.5 spacing
? Print off a copy and hand to your Educator
• Assessments using white out corrective tape or fluid will be returned for resubmission. Cross out any incorrect answer and rewrite it.
• If submitting extra information, diagrams, posters, flyers or handouts make sure your name and number, date and the unit code is clearly identified on each piece of extra information.
• Where applicable reference any work that is not your own using the style described in the student handbook.
• Where applicable create a bibliography at the back of your work to show where you have accessed information used in your assessment.
• It is advisable that you make a copy of your fully completed Assessment Workbook before you submit it. CTA are required to keep all of your assessments so it will not be returned to you.
Outcomes:
Once you have a “Satisfactory Outcome” for all assessments linked to each unit of competency you will be deemed competent for the unit of competency.
If you have a “Not Satisfactory Outcome” your Assessor will provide feedback to you on the area/s for improvement and confirm further requirements. At this time a mutually agreed future date for re-assessment will be set.
Listed below are explanations of the assessment decisions an Assessor can make when marking your assessments.
Satisfactory
Outcome The Assessor has assessed your submission against the criteria of the Assessment and is satisfied that all requirements have been met.
Not Satisfactory Outcome The Assessor has assessed your submission against the criteria of the Assessment and is not satisfied that all requirements have been met.
All CTA Assessors follow the Principles of Assessment when assessing your work. What this means to you is that they will always treat every assessment submission objectively (fairly) and without bias, they can make alternative assessment arrangements if need be (flexible), they will only assess what you have submitted (valid), and will use the assessment criteria in the Assessor Marking guide when making their decision (reliable).
Assessors also follow the Rules of Evidence when making the assessment decision. What that means to you is they will make sure the evidence you have submitted is relevant to the assessment (valid), that the evidence you have given covers all of the questions asked (sufficient), that the assessment is your own work (authentic), and that the evidence is recent or from the very recent past (current).
Reasonable Adjustment
To meet the Principles of Assessment, Assessors may make a reasonable adjustment to the assessment. In some cases this may mean that verbal questions may be asked instead of written questions if a student has a literacy difference which would make it difficult for them to complete the assessment under normal circumstances. If you are struggling with the assessment processes outlined in this workbook, then it is highly recommended that you discuss this with your Trainer/Assessor as soon as practicable, however it should be before you attempt any assessment.
Overview of assessment
This unit of competency is predominantly assessed using a project approach. Assessment will focus on your own workplace environment. To demonstrate your competency, you must complete all assessments included in this document. This assessment includes:
• Written Questions – These questions assess your required knowledge and research skills. Whilst it is expected that you will refer to their learning material and secondary research all responses must be in your own words.
• Project– This assessment allows you to apply your skills and knowledge in a practical project, it may be a case study, role play, workplace project or other relevant task that helps you prove your ability to demonstrate how you apply your skills.
Students Please Note:
A zero tolerance to cheating and plagiarism is taken by CTA
If you, the student are found to have cheated on any forms of assessment, including plagiarism of another’s work, you will be required to re-sit an alternative assessment under the supervision of an assessor to confirm competence in this unit or you may face expulsion from the course.
Student Instructions
You must complete all of the following tasks of this workbook. You may work in groups or individually to complete the activities, this must be discussed and agreed to by your Educator. To demonstrate your understanding of the knowledge content, answers must be contextualised and in your own words.
Units of Competency and Tasks
The following units of competency for HLT54115 Diploma of Nursing are included in this Transition Assessment Booklet
• CHCDIV001 Work with diverse people
• CHCDIV002 Promote Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander cultural safety
• HLTAAP002 Confirm physical health status
• HLTENN001 Practise nursing within the Australian health care system
• HLTENN002 Apply communication skills in nursing practice
• HLTENN003 Perform clinical Assessment and contribute to planning nursing care
• HLTENN004 Contribute to planning nursing care
• HLTENN008 Apply legal and ethical parameters to nursing practice
• HLTENN013 Implement and monitor care of the older person
• HLTINF001 Comply with infection prevention and control policies and procedures
• HLTWHS002 Follow safe work practices for direct client care
Thoroughly read the instructions for each assessment task as they may differ from the one you have just completed. Follow the instructions in each assessment and discuss with your Educator if there is something you do not understand
CHCDIV001 Work with diverse people
CHCDIV001 - Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this assessment you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, research or the internet to answer questions. You may be observed numerous times over the duration of the unit. Answers to questions must be in your own handwriting.
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. Give 2 examples of ways you can improve awareness of diversity in the workplace.
2. List 2 things that you could do to help form effective workplace relationships with co-workers and colleagues of diverse backgrounds and cultures?

3. Give an example of a work practice that you can use to ensure your working environment is safe for all, including staff and patients/clients.
4. How can you show respect for diversity when communicating with work colleagues?
5. What is the role of interpreters in the workplace?
6. If there is a cultural misunderstanding in your workplace. What impact may it have on workplace social and cultural diversity?
7. Take diversity into consideration and give an example of how you can sensitively resolve an argument between two colleagues in your workplace.
8. Give two examples of how culturally diverse difficulties can be resolved in the workplace.
9. What is the definition of diversity?
10. Complete the following sentences
When working with diverse people
a) A workers responsibility or right is :
b) An Employers responsibility or right is:
c) A Client/patients responsibility or right is :
What kind of action could be taken if they breached a responsibility or right?
a) An action taken against a worker could be:
b) An action taken against an employer could be:
c) An action taken against a client/patient could be:

11. List three issues affecting Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people.
(Include social, political and economic issues)
12. At work how can you participate in identifying and implementing culturally safe work practices?

13. What resources in relation to cultural diversity issues including the availability of assistance should be obtainable to individuals within their workplace?
14. List 2 cultural influences or practices from diverse communities that you are aware of.
15. How has exposure to cultural practices and experiences positively affected your personal behaviour, interpersonal relationships and social expectations?
16. When working with the general public you need to know where to find information on equal employment opportunity in relation to sex, race, disability, anti-discrimination and similar legislation
List where you can obtain this information.


17.
Match the key areas of diversity with their definition:
• Culture, race, ethnicity
• Disability
• Religious or spiritual beliefs
• Gender
• Intersex
• Generational
• Sexual orientation/sexual identity

A strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny

A form or stage in the life cycle of an organism

A population that is believed to be distinct in a way from others and social traits that are shared

The state of being male or female

The type of sexual, romantic, and/or physical attraction someone feels toward others

A physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities

The condition of being intermediate between male and female

CHCDIV001 – Written Questions
Question Answer Assessor Comments
What is the universal declaration of human rights?

What is the relationship between human needs and human rights?
What rights and responsibilities do you and your clients have if your human rights are being infringed?
What frame works, approaches and instruments are used in the workplace to support diversity?
What western systems and structures impact Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people and their engagement with services?
What are the potential needs of marginalised groups including
a) Protective factors
b) Physical, mental and emotional health issues/care needs
List 2 examples of the potential impact if subjected to the following:
a) Discrimination
b) Trauma
c) Exclusion
d) Negative attitudes

Written Questions Outcome
Assessment Decision
? Satisfactory
? Not Satisfactory
? Further Evidence Required
Feedback and Future Action
Assessor Feedback
Reassessment necessary?
Assessor Name Date
Assessor Signature Date Received
Date Due
Student Name
Student Signature Date
Student Feedback

CHCDIV001 - Self Reflection
Resources required for this assessment:
• Learning resources
• Access to a simulated environment or workplace
• Computer with ergonomic workstation and equipment
• Access to the internet
• Workplace resources
Activity 1 – Self Reflection
For this assessment you are required to complete a self-reflection on your own cultural identity during your work placement.
Self-Reflection
What are your own social and cultural perspectives and biases?
How do the social and cultural perspectives and biases you have identified above impact your work with people?
How can you improve your own self and social awareness?

What are the community attitudes, language, policies and structures of your own culture?
Give two examples of ways your own cultural practices or beliefs have had a positive or a negative effect on your ability work inclusively with others?
How can you ensure you work with awareness for your own limitations regarding self and social awareness?
Activity 2 – Case Study
For this assessment you are required to demonstrate how you recognise and respect the needs of people from diverse and cultural backgrounds in at least 3 different situations.
You must ensure you choose three different diverse clients/patients and one of them must be a client/patient who has a language barrier.
One patient must be an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander (ATIS).
You must then complete a case study about the threes interactions. Answer the questions in the table below to complete this case study.
Do not share names or personal details of your client/patient.
Case Study Client/patient 1 Client/patient 2
Client/patient 3
What was their diverse social and/or cultural background?

What did you find was the best method of communication with them?
What resources were available to you to assist them?
What misunderstanding could you foresee happening with them due to their diverse social and/or cultural background?
How did you show respect when communicating with them?
What strategy did you use to communicate with the client/patient who had a language barrier?
When experiencing difficulties with your client/patient who did you seek assistance from regarding your?
What legal and ethical considerations did you have to make when interacting with them?

CHCDIV002 Promote Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander cultural safety
CHCDIV002 – Written questions
Question Answer Assessor Comments
18. What laws, codes or practice and regulations exist in Australia to promote and protect Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander cultural safety
19. What are some of the key factors that make up a person’s cultural identity?
List at least five
20. What resources can be engaged to promote partnerships between staff and Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people and their communities
(list 3)

21. List 10 factors that contribute to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander ill health
For example, experience of racism leading to mental stress and poor mental health issues
22. What are some (list four) of the diseases that are more commonly experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People than non-indigenous Australians?
23. How can experienced trauma impact on individuals’ ability to:
a) Make decisions
b) Communicate
c) Interpret information
d) Retain information
24. How can you make sure that you actively involve Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in the planning and delivery of services and programs in your facility?
25. Describe Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander cultural safety in the community services and health context
Discuss the relationship between this cultural safety and:
a) cultural awareness
b) cultural competence
Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code CHCDIV001 & CHCDIV002
Unit Title Work with Diverse People
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 2 Self Reflection ?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 3 Written questions ?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date


HLTAAP002 Confrim Physical Health Status
Assessment Task 1: Written Questions
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. Describe your role (including responsibilities and limitations)
in relation to checking client health status
2. What are the roles of at least two other members of the care team in relation to checking client health status
3. Fill in the blanks with the correct term for measurement:
Fingers are ____________________ to the elbow
The head is ____________________ to the chest
The knee is ____________________to the pelvis
The back is ____________________ to the abdomen
The face is ____________________ to the spine
The toes are ___________________to the knee
4. Describe the cautions and contraindication for the following medications in terms of basic health procedures (such as the taking of observations)
Warfarin
Digoxin
Insulin
GTN Patch
5. Describe the major types of cellular
Adaptation
6. Describe at least two oral health diseases of the mouth and teeth for both edentulous and dentate clients.
edentulous (no-natural teeth) dentate (having natural teeth)

Written Questions Outcome
Assessment Decision
? Satisfactory
? Not Satisfactory
? Further Evidence Required
Feedback and Future Action
Assessor Feedback
Reassessment necessary?
Assessor Name Date
Assessor Signature Date Received
Date Due
Student Name
Student Signature Date
Student Feedback
Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code HLTAAP002
Unit Title Confirm Physical Health Status
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date
HLTENN001 Practice nursing within the Australian health care system
Assessment Task 1: Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this unit and to successfully transition into the new Diploma of Nursing, you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, text books, research or the internet to answer questions.
Question Answer Assessor Comments
7. How can you maintain your knowledge of health issues, emerging theories and health policy and make sure that you are always up to date with new developments?
8. List at least 10 current health issues that are experienced by people in Australia:
List at least 10 factors that affect the health of people in Australia:
9. Australia is country made up of a vast range of cultures and people of diverse backgrounds.
a) Describe the unique health and wellbeing issues faced by people who have come to Australia from other countries?
b) Why are these issues experienced by people from other countries (in your response, consider factors relating to environment and community)?
10. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have experienced a lesser level of health care and have differing health-related issues to non-aboriginal people living in Australia. Describe this gap including factors that have contributed to it and what is being done to bridge the gap:
11. Where can Australians access funding for their health care?
Include in your response
• At least two government funding sources
• At least two non-government funding sources
• At least four types of private health insurance available to Australians
Provide a benefit and limitation for each of your examples.
12. How has the nursing profession evolved in Australia from historical perspectives on nursing to contemporary nursing perspectives today:
Include at least two examples of current nursing perspectives in your response.
13. How has the Australian Health Care System evolved from a historical context through to health care standards in Australia today?
14. What is “primary health care” and how do you contribute to primary health care as a nurse?
15. List the standards of care expected of community health nurses in Victoria
16. List at least five health care environments that you may work in as a nurse. For each of these environments, describe the interdisciplinary team that works there and their roles.
Example:
An Oncology Ward will have a team of oncologists, surgeons, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and counsellors assigned to help clients with their care.
17. In 250 words or less, critically analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the Australian Heath Care System in Victoria, and particularly your local area:
18. Health and illness have significant impacts on a person’s life. Give two examples each of the impact that good health and poor health can have on people’s every day lives:
19. What are the principles of wellness and illness?
20. Describe at least three non-western approaches to health care and their place in contemporary nursing practice in Australia.
21. Choose two health service models and describe their key features:
Written Questions Outcome
Assessment Decision
? Satisfactory
? Not Satisfactory
? Further Evidence Required
Feedback and Future Action
Assessor Feedback
Reassessment necessary?
Assessor Name Date
Assessor Signature Date Received
Date Due
Student Name
Student Signature Date
Student Feedback
HLTENN002 Apply communication skills in nursing practice
HLTENN002 - Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this unit and to successfully transition into the new Diploma of Nursing, you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, text books, research or the internet to answer questions.
1. For the characteristics listed in the table explain the importance of each one to establish effective partnerships in nursing? Characteristics Importance
Confidentiality
Trust
Self-reflection
Social conversation
Creating a therapeutic environment
2. What is the purpose for each of the follow resources that are included in the core standards for nurses who support people with a disability?
a) Communication and behaviour support for nurses practice package
b) Communication and behaviour support for nurses appraisal

3. For the communication processes listed in the table, give a rationale for each one.
Process Rationale
Conflict resolution
Group dynamics
4. When communicating with colleagues and patients/clients
a) What information technology can you use?
b) What policies might you need to adhere to?
5. What are the 8 principles of the Australian open Disclosure Framework?
6. You have a patient/client who suffers from sensory losses; give an example of how you would communicate with them.
7. What is the purpose of a social media policy?
HLTENN002 - Written Questions
Resources required for this assessment:
• Learning resources
• Access to a workplace
• Computer with ergonomic workstation and equipment
• Access to the internet
• Workplace resources, including industry software packages
• CTA Student Handbook (social media policy)
For this activity you are required to read the scenario below and answer the questions that follow.
Scenario: You have checked your calendar and have noticed your next appointment is with a patient/client who suffers from a hearing impairment.
1. Prior to the appointment, how can you identify if the communication with the patient/client is going to be complex?
2. What strategies can you use to address the complex communication situation?
3. What policies and procedures do you need to adhere to when communicating with the patient/client?
4. How can you demonstrate advocacy for the patient/client?
When the patient/client arrives for their appointment they have brought a family member with them and at the end of the appointment the family member asks you to put the conversation in writing to them via email.
Use the space below to document what your response would be to the family member.

Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code HLTENN002
Unit Title Apply communication skills in nursing
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 2 Done on placement ?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 3 Done on placement ?YES ?NO ?N/A
Summary Done on placement ?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date
HLTENN003 Perform clinical Assessment and contribute to planning nursing care
HLTENN003 - Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this assessment you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, research or the internet to answer questions. You may be observed numerous times over the duration of the unit. Answers to questions must be in your own handwriting.
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. For each of the below explain how you would perform clinical measurements or assessments:
Client status Process for clinical assessment (equipment, measurement, process)
Blood glucose level
Blood pressure
BMI, height and weight
Conscious state
Pupil reaction
Neurological reflexes
Pulse and peripheral circulation
Sensory perception (inc. hearing and sight)
Skin (colour, integrity and turgor)
Respirations
Urinalysis
Temperature
2. What are the principles of health assessment?
3. What problem solving strategies and techniques can you use to handle the following situations:
You are conducting a health assessment when your client starts to get angry and resist:
Your client is in an altered conscious state and can’t answer your questions:
Your client is living with a psychotic illness and their answers to your questions are inconsistent. They tell you that they can’t trust you because you are trying to poison them. All you need to know is what medication they are taking:
4. What is the purpose for each of the follow resources that are included in the core standards for nurses who support people with a disability?
a) Person Centred Health Care Assessments
b) Development of Health Care Plans Core Standard for Practitioners
c) Mealtime Management for Nurses Practice Package

HLTENN003 - Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code HLTEN003
Unit Title Perform clinical Assessment and contribute to planning nursing care
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date
HLTENN004 Implement, monitor and evaluate nursing care plans
HLTENN004 : Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this assessment you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, research or the internet to answer questions. You may be observed numerous times over the duration of the unit. Answers to questions must be in your own handwriting.
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. For each of the daily activities below explain how you can assist a client.
a) Eating
b) Bathing
c) Dressing
2. Describe at least six factors that can affect a client’s comfort levels and sleep quality?
3. What measures can you take to promote a client’s comfort, rest and sleep?
4. Clients may need assistance with their hygiene and grooming. Why is this so important for a nurse to assist with?
5. Complete the table below to explain how you would provide care for a client who is suffering from the following conditions:
Condition Care Provided
Pain
Sleep disturbances
Fluid and nutritional deficits
Cognitive deficits
Sensory deficits
Underlying medical condition
Respiration and circulation
6. Describe three considerations and care interventions you need to apply when working with an immobile client or client with limited mobility:
7. Put the following oral hygiene procedure in the correct order.
Assemble equipment – soft toothbrush, toothpaste, clothing protection, receiver, glass of water for rinsing mouth, tissues.
Gain consent from the client
Ask the client to get into an upright position if possible or assist them to do this.
Allow the client to take mouthfuls of water, rinse the mouth and spit into the receiver. Use tissues to dry around the mouth.
Wet the toothbrush head and apply a small amount of toothpaste only. Use a gentle, rotational movement to clean the inner, outer and biting surfaces of the teeth.
Apply moisturiser to the patient’s lips if required
8. a) What is the correct procedure to care for clients with dentures?
b) Why is it important to use alcohol-free mouth wash when providing oral care to a client?
9. You are working with Hugo, who is experiencing incontinence issues related to a kidney infection. What aides or devices can you use to help Hugo with his incontinence?
10. Martha is experiencing intermittent constipation and is unable to get herself to the bathroom in order to use the toilet. She calls you as she feels an urge, what should you do to help her with this?
11. Deep breathing and coughing exercises may be used for a client who is post-operative and at risk of developing pneumonia.
a) Describe the process for deep breathing the way you would describe it to a client.
b) Describe how to perform a coughing exercise safely
12. Explain the risks the following conditions pose for episodic care.
Condition Risks
Age
Anaesthesia and surgery
Cognitive status
Deep vein thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism
Immobility
Length of stay
Mental health condition
Non-compliance
Nutritional status
Pain
Presence of morbidity
13. a) Put the following procedure for applying cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in order.
Place the other hand on top of your first hand and either grasp your own wrist or interlock your fingers, depending on what is comfortable for you.
Sometimes, people will have their ribs broken by chest compressions. This is still better than the alternative of not receiving CPR. If it occurs, pause and reposition your hands before continuing. Chest compressions are tiring and fatigue will affect the quality. If any other rescuers are available and willing to assist, rotate the person performing compressions every two minutes, even if you don’t feel tired yet.
Place the heel of one hand on the lower half of the person’s breastbone.
The depth of compression should be one third of the chest depth of the person.
Apply compressions
b) What is the correct rate for compressions?
14. You have a client who has been deemed a code blue. What is the type of emergency and what action should be taken?
15. You check a client’s airway after they have fallen unconscious and note that they have a blockage, how can you clear this and what position should they be left in to keep their airway open?
16. When is the best time to use an automatic external defibrillator?
17. What strategies can you introduce to prevent a client from falls?

18. When working with your clients, how can you promote active and passive exercises to assist with mobility and muscle tone?
19. What are six actions you can take to maintain a safe environment for your clients?
20. a) What assessment tools can you use to determine the risk of pressure sores developing on a client?
b) Describe at least three measures you can implement to protect your client’s skin integrity:
21. What is a clinical handover and what recording and reporting requirements must you follow?
Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code HLTEN004
Unit Title Implement, monitor and evaluate nursing care plans
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date
HLTENN008 Apply legal and ethical parameters to nursing practice
HLTENN008: Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this unit and to successfully transition into the new Diploma of Nursing, you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, text books, research or the internet to answer questions.
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. Describe the role that the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia has in regulating the nursing profession.

2. Visit the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia website and answer the following;
What is the ‘Code of professional conduct for nurses’ and how does it impact your work?
How does the ‘Code of ethics for nurses in Australia’ impact your work?
3. The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia produce nursing practice guidelines, standards and fact sheets. Download or bookmark each of these important fact sheets and then summarise three key points of each that you are required to know or implement in order to practise nursing professionally, legally and ethically:
Fact sheet, standard or guideline How I can make sure that I am using practising nursing professionally, legally and ethically based on this (three points each)
Enrolled nurse competency standards for practice
Professional boundaries
Professional practice guidelines
Decision-making framework (DMF) including the nursing flowchart
Re-entry to practice
Registration guidelines
Recency of practice fact sheet
4. The AHPRA (Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency) enables the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation National Law Act (the National Law) in each State and Territory.
This Act in Victoria is the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law (Victoria) Act 2009.
What are the objectives (purpose) of the Act?
5. List the 10 National Safety and Quality Health Service (NSQHS) Standards?
Why were these standards developed?

6. When handling client records, what do you need to do in order to remain compliant with
• The Privacy Act (1988) and National Privacy Principles (2014)
• The Health Records Act (2012 – Commonwealth and 2001 – Victoria)
Please include at least five points in your response.
7. List the Commonwealth laws that are in place to protect people from discrimination. What can you do to ensure that these laws are upheld in your practice?
8. Summarise the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (VIC) and provide two examples of what you can do to promote equal employment opportunity (EEO) in your practice:
9. As a nurse, you will be required at times to work with children.
a) What legislation or regulations must you follow when working with children
b) What are three of the key considerations you need to make when working with children in your practice?
10. Describe the intent of the Commonwealth Aged Care Act (1997)
11. Summarise how the Victorian Drugs and Poisons legislation applies:
12. Describe the purpose of the Mental Health Act (2014) in Victoria?
13. Carers make a substantial contribution to the wellbeing of the broader community. Describe the purpose of the Carers Recognition Act (2012) in Victoria.
14. The Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 is still in force in Victoria (Other states have adopted the Model Workplace Health and Safety (WHS) Act, which Victoria is likely to adopt in the future).
Describe what the OHS Act addresses and explain your duty of care requirements under the OHS Act
15. The World Health Organisation Constitution states that
“…the highest attainable standard of health as a fundamental right of every human being.”
What does this mean to you as a nurse?
Your response must describe how this applies in your role and in Australia and what you can do to promote it.
Aim for 150-200 words.
16. Access the “Fact sheet: Professional indemnity insurance arrangements” and Registration Standards through the NMBA.
Describe the insurance you are required to hold as an enrolled nurse (division 2).
17. Research and reflect on the practice of open disclosure and describe here how it applies to you as an enrolled nurse
18. Describe the role of other members of the health care team in relation to open disclosure.
19. The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia publishes the Social Media Policy for Health Care Workers.
Describe the key features of this policy and how it governs ethical and professional use of social media by nurses:

20. What are three penalties you may face as a nurse for not adhering to legal and ethical principles associated with your role?
21. What are the key features of the Criminal Code Act (1995 - Commonwealth) and the Crimes Act (1958 – Victoria)
How do these apply to you as an enrolled nurse?

22. Define the following legal terms and principles:
Legal Term What is it and how does it apply to nursing practice?
Civil law
Common law
Statute law
Torts
Precedent
Negligence
Trespass
Assault and battery
Consent (including valid consent)
Capacity
Clinical incapacity
False imprisonment
Defamation
Vicarious liability
Defendant
Plaintiff
Harassment
Expert witness
23. Where do laws and regulations that impact nursing in Australia come from?
How are these laws enforced?
Describe how the coronial system in Australia works including:
• Coronial inquests (triggers and process)
• Functions of the coroner
• Giving evidence to the coroner

24. Define the following ethical terms:
• Ethics
• Bioethics
• Nursing ethics

25. Give two examples of ethical decision making models, describing how they are applied in a nursing context:
26. Choose two of the following ethical theories and describe how you can apply them in your practice as a nurse:
• Consequentialism
• Deontology
• Ethical Relativism
• Utilitarianism theory
• Teleology
• Virtue ethics
• Justice and equity
27. Define the following contemporary ethical concepts and principles in nursing:
Concepts and Principles How do they apply to you as an enrolled nurse?
Autonomy
Beneficence
Non-Maleficence
Confidentiality
Justice
Rights
Veracity
28.
The following are considered to be ethical issues in Health Care, particularly in enrolled nursing practice. For each, describe the ethical dilemma and what makes the issue an ethical issue:
Issue / Dilemma What is it? Why is it an issue of ethics?
Abortion
Tissue and organ donation and transplantation
Reproductive technology
Euthanasia and assisted suicide
Restraint
Open disclosure
Mandatory reporting
Quality of life
Conscientious objection
Abuse
Consent
Artificially prolonging life
Refusal and withdrawal of treatment
Stem cell research
‘Not for resuscitation’ orders
Cultural and religious matters
Conflict of interest
HLTENN008: Reflective
Reflection
How are you monitoring your own compliance with legal obligations and requirements of your role?
How are you maintaining your own awareness of current ethical issues and potential conflicts of interest that may impact your nursing practice?
What professional education can you access to help you develop your skills?
What strategies can you use to resolve ethical issues within your nursing practice as an enrolled nurse?

HLTENN008 - Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code HLTEN008
Unit Title Apply legal and ethical parameters to nursing practice
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 2 Done in Sim Lab ?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 3 Done on work placement ?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date
HLTENN013 Implement and monitor care of the older person
Assessment Task 1: Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this assessment you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, research or the internet to answer questions. You may be observed numerous times over the duration of the unit. Answers to questions must be in your own handwriting.
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. The population of the world is ageing. Medical interventions and quality of living are improving and people can expect to live longer today than ever before.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has established a primary health care project “Towards Age-friendly Primary Health Care” with three key goals.
a) Do some research and describe these three goals in your own words.
b) How can you contribute to improving Primary Health Care for your older clients? Please give at least one example per go
2.1 In Australia, we have a range of services that are available for older clients to access. These include health services as well as community based services.
You are working with Alvin, a 90 year old client who is due for discharge from the rehabilitation centre after a hip replacement. He is keen to return home and has a good support network including his daughter who will call him daily to talk him through his medications.
a) What community services would you recommend for Alvin to help him remain in his own home?
b) How can Alvin access these?
2.2 Margaret is 76 years old and is due to return home after a short stay in hospital for a fractured wrist. Her daughter Belinda lives with her (as her full time carer), and mentions to you that she’s exhausted from looking after her Mum who is living with Alzheimer’s and can be quite moody and aggressive.
What services would you suggest to Belinda to help her care for her mother?
3. Looking after our ageing population begins with preventative care.
Regular dental care is an example of a preventative measure to assist the older person in maintaining good health.
What other services (provide at least four examples) can older clients access in order to support early diagnosis and intervention of disease and improve quality of living?
4. Aged care presents nurses with age-related health problems that are unique to this environment, as well as health problems that present very differently in the older person.
Describe at least four special health problems that older clients may experience and why they are more common in aged care:
5. Society holds many stereotypical attitudes towards older persons.
a) Outline two of these stereotyped views and give an example from current times to argue against them.
b) Explain the reasons you think these attitudes towards older people may exist.
6. There are legal and ethical issues and considerations you need to make that are specific to aged care and working with older clients.
a) What is Advance Care Planning and what are the three components of Advance Care Planning in Victoria
b) The Aged Care Act (1997) is a piece of Commonwealth legislation that outlines regulations for providers of Aged Care in Australia. Describe your responsibilities under the Aged Care Act (1997)

c) Define the following legal and ethical terms and describe your responsibilities:
1. Consent
2. Mandatory Reporting of Elder Abuse
3. Ethical Principles
d) Describe the purpose of the Carer’s Recognition Act (2012)

7. How is the Aged Care Funding Instrument (ACFI) used?
What are the three domains (risk classifications) of care funding?
8. What is the Residential Care Quality Assessment (ResCareQA) and how is it used?
9. The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia required that all nurses and midwives practising in Australia meet a strict set of processional standards and guidelines.
a) What are the eight expectations laid out by the code of ethics for nurses in Australia
b) What are the 10 practices in the Code of professional conduct for nurses
10. There are a range of tools that can be used to assess an older client’s functioning.
For each of the tools listed in the table below, describe them, making sure you answer the following about each one:
• What does this tool assess?
• How is it applied?
Assessment Tool What does it assess and how?
Katz Index
Barthel Index and Scale
Norton Scale
Water Low Scale
Geriatric Depression Scale
11. Describe the differences between end-of-life care and palliative care
12. You have been asked to care for a deceased client.
a) What information should you gather to help you ensure that you are honouring your client’s and their family’s wishes?
b) What do you need to do in order to care for a deceased person
13. Restraint is a practice that may at times need to be employed when caring for older clients.
The three key types of restraint are physical, chemical and psychological restraint
a) When and how is it acceptable, appropriate to use these forms of restraint with a client?
b) What guidelines do you need to follow to ensure that your application of restraint is legal and ethical?
14. Describe the oral hygiene processes you need to follow for people with and without their own natural teeth:
15. You are nursing Hank, an 86 year old who has recently had some issues with urinary continence. He has never had issues with incontinence before and is embarrassed by this condition.
What can you do to help Hank with his continence care?
16. It is not uncommon for older people to have comorbid conditions (more than one diagnosis if disease at a time).
This requires you, as a nurse to consider all of the diagnosed and potential conditions a client has in order to identify and prioritise their needs.
How can you make sure that you are meeting your clients varying needs (short term and long term).
17. Some clients will present with difficult behaviours that you will need to manage.
Describe some of the challenging behaviours you may need to work with and their physical triggers:
The first two examples of physical triggers are provided for you, please identify two more.
• Pain
• Hearing Loss
18. You are working with Gerald, 72 year old who has been diagnosed with mild dementia. He is generally quite happy and compliant but has his moments where he wanders, gets lost, and interferes with other clients’ belongings.
a) Describe what dementia is and how the condition progresses over time
b) What strategies and nursing interventions can you apply to Gerald’s care

19. You are working with Ethel, an 82 year old client with moderate dementia. She lost her husband recently and still asks where he is repeatedly throughout the day. She is in residential aged care and believes she is in her own home and that people just keep letting themselves in. She often becomes agitated, and this shifts unexpectedly to despair and hopelessness. She trusts you and tells you often that you remind her of her younger sibling.
Today, one of her family members has told her that her husband has been dead for months and to stop asking when he will come back. She has been shifting rapidly from violent behaviour (throwing anything she can reach and hitting herself in the head) and inconsolable crying.
How can you help Ethel and deal with her challenging behaviour?

20. A safe environment is one that is safe for clients
• Physically
• Socially
• Emotionally
How can you maintain a safe environment for your older clients (particularly those with dementia), and why is it so important to do so?
21. Visit Health Direct, the Australian Government’s site for health advice and review the range of complementary therapies available. Choose three and describe how you can use these with your older clients to improve the quality of their care:
https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/ complementary-therapies

22. Describe the key features of the following theories of ageing:
Biological theories
Programmed Ageing
Damage or Error Theory

Psychosocial Theories
Disengagement theory
Wear and tear theory
Activity theory
Continuity theory
Social exchange theory
23. Describe the changes in physiology and function and common health problems (at least two per row) throughout the ageing process in relation to:
Function Physiology of the ageing process in this system and common health problems / diseases / disorders
Cardiac function
Respiratory function
Neurological function
Musculoskeletal function
Genitourinary and renal function
Endocrine function
Sensory function
Oncological disorders
Skin integrity
Written Questions Outcome
Assessment Decision
? Satisfactory
? Not Satisfactory
? Further Evidence Required
Feedback and Future Action
Assessor Feedback
Reassessment necessary?
Assessor Name Date
Assessor Signature Date Received
Date Due
Student Name
Student Signature Date
Student Feedback

Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code HLTENN013
Unit Title Implement and monitor care for the older person
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 2 Simulated Environment ?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 3 Work Placement ?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date
HLTINF001 Comply with infection prevention and control policies and procedures
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. To control the risk of infection in the workplace environment describe at least 4 surfaces or equipment that are routinely cleaned and list at least one chemical that can be used for each:
2. Describe the steps for
a) Cleaning up small spills of bodily fluid
b) Cleaning up large spills of blood or bodily fluid
3. Describe least 10 appropriate sharps handling and disposal techniques that are used in the workplace
4. Name a piece of equipment that is reprocessed (reused) in your workplace and describe how it is decontaminated:
5. List three different infection control hazards you may be exposed to in your workplace and describe the associated risk
Example:
Hazard : Needle stick injury
Risk: Acquiring serious blood-borne infections, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV
6. What is the Chain of Infection?
7. Define the following terms;
Term Definition
Bacteria
Bacterial spores
Colonisation
Disease
Fungi
Infection
Micro-organism
Nosomical infection
Pathogen
Resident flora
Source of infection
Transient flora
Virus
8. What are the key modes of disease transmission?
List the modes of disease transmission and give at least one example of each including the mode and source:
9. List at least factors that increase a person’s susceptibility to infection
10. What is the aseptic technique?
11. List at least four infection control measures you use at work to protect yourself and your clients and how each one manages risk
In your response outline how these controls manage risk in your workplace
12. How should sterile items be stored in your workplace?
Give three specific examples of sterile items you work with in your response:
Assessment 2: Workplace Project
Task 1 – Infection and Hazard Control
Resources required for this assessment:
• Learning resources
• Access to the workplace
• Access to the internet
Instructions to Student:
Answer the following questions specific to your workplace. Your assessor will conduct an observation of your infection control procedures and ability when they complete a workplace visit during your placement.
1. What are your responsibilities in relation to infection prevention and control?
2. Describe four common infection hazards that you could be exposed to in your workplace and use the guide below to determine the likelihood and consequence level for each one:
Number Hazard Likelihood Consequence
1
2
3
4
3. Using the Risk Rating table, mark the appropriate cell with the number next to each hazard to indicate where they sit.
Likelihood Table
Rating Expression Attributes
A Extremely likely The incident will most probably occur under most circumstances
B Likely The incident will probably occur under most circumstances
C Possible The incident may occur under certain circumstances
D Unlikely The incident is unlikely to occur
E Rare The incident will occur under the most exceptional circumstances
Consequence Table
Rating Expression Attributes
1 Insignificant No injuries, low financial loss
2 Minor First Aid Treatment, on-site release contained, medium financial loss
3 Moderate Medical treatment required, on-site release contained with outside assistance, high financial loss
4 Major Extensive injuries, loss of production capability, off-site release with no detrimental effects, major financial loss
5 Catastrophic Death, huge financial loss
Risk Matrix
LIKELIHOOD A
B
C
D
E
1 2 3 4 5
CONSEQUENCE
Legend
L = low risk, manage by routine procedures
M = moderate risk, management responsibility must be specified
S = significant risk, senior management attention needed
H = high risk, immediate action needed
4. What is the risk level of each of your risks?
Number Level (L, M, S, H) Number Level (L, M, S, H)
1 3
2 4
5. What are three activities that you undertake at work that put you and your colleagues at risk?
6. What are three activities / tasks / procedures / hazards that put your clients at risk?
7. What are two activities / tasks / hazards that put your visitors at risk of infection?
8. How do you report these risks in your workplace?
9. Based on your workplace’s policies and procedures, what controls do you have in place to minimise or manage the risks you have identified?
HLTFIN001 Assessment summary
Student Name
Assessor Name
Date
Unit Code HLTINF001
Unit Title Comply with infection prevention and control polices and procedures
Please attach the following assessment items and associated checklists to this form Satisfactory
Assessment 1 Written Questions
?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 2 Sim lab ?YES ?NO ?N/A
Assessment 3 Workplace visit ?YES ?NO ?N/A
The assessment requirements of this unit have been met ?COMPETENT
The assessment requirements of this unit have NOT been met ?NOT YET COMPETENT
Reassessment necessary ? YES ? NO
Feedback to Student
Student Declaration
I hereby acknowledge that I have been assessed in this unit and have been advised of my result. I have been made aware of my appeal rights.
Student Signature Date
Assessor Declaration
I hereby declare that I have provided appropriate feedback and undertaken an assessment process which complies with the principles of assessment and rules of evidence.
Assessor Signature Date
HLTWHS002 Follow safe work practices for direct client care
Assessment Task 1: Written Questions
Instructions to Student:
In order to be competent in this assessment you must answer all of the following questions correctly. This is an open book assessment and you may use learning resources, research or the internet to answer questions. You may be observed numerous times over the duration of the unit. Answers to questions must be in your own handwriting.
Question Answer Assessor Comments
1. What is the difference between a hazard and a risk (define each term in your answer)
2. List and give examples of at least 6 hazards or hazardous events that may threaten your personal safety in the health and community services workplace.
You must address the following in your examples;
• Manual tasks
• Infection Control
• Personal Safety
3. How can you locate/identify hazards and what should you do if you find a hazard in your workplace?
4.
Identify the following risks with a tick in the column as either Environmental (E) or Individual/Person based (I) risks
What can be done to minimise each one?
Situation of Risk Type Minimisation strategy
E I
Client/resident
Chemicals/Poisons
Poorly lit areas
Night shift
Persons under the influence
Faulty equipment
Staff member not using equipment properly (poorly trained)
Leaking toilet
Moving an immobile client
5. List the relevant WHS authorities for your state/territory (including any national authorities)
6. What legislation, standards, or codes of practice relate to how you approach manual tasks (such as assisting clients with movement).
What are the key considerations you need to make when moving a client to minimise risk of injury to yourself (and them)
7. Describe your responsibility, under law, for controlling infection in the workplace
8. What are the most common sources of infection in a home-based care environment and how can you manage these?
9. What are your rights and responsibilities as a home care worker?
10. What are your client’s rights and responsibilities when you are providing them home-based care?
11. Describe how you ensure that you are taking measures to ensure basic home fire safety when working in a home-based care environment:
12. What are three hazards/risk situations that exist in home based care that affect your personal safety directly? How do these hazards impact you (describe the risk)
13. You answer the phone and the caller tells you that they have planted a bomb in the building. What should you do?
14. In the event of an evacuation code being called, people should be ev

Looking for answers ?