Recent Question/Assignment

Project Title
TCP/IP Networking Protocol Analysis
Research Question
Analyse internet traffic and study the IP traffic, different major network KPIs between different applications and different IP Versions, traditional traffic and mobile traffic.
Record and analyse internet traffic at your home network or work Network, Analyse traffic per Hour, per day, and per weak, and write your recommendations about best performance of internet traffic.
Tool Used
Wireshark, Microsoft Network Monitor
The report should be sumbmitted. The following guidelines have been put together to assist in the preparation of the thesis.
The report should include the following, in this order:
* Title, Author, Date
* Abstract
* Table of contents
* Introduction
* Literature Review
* Experimental Procedures
* Results
* Discussion
* Conclusions * Future work
* References
* Appendices (for programmes/data listings - consult your supervisor)
* Abstract
An abstract is a short summary of what the reader can expect to find in the body of the thesis. It should briefly state the main aims of the research, the experimental methods used, the important results and any important features of the discussion. It should be a single paragraph, no longer than half a page.
* Introduction
An introduction is generally about motivation. It must explain why the research was done, why it is interesting, and why a particular experimental approach was used. It therefore must:
• contain some general or background information about the subject matter;
• describe the industrial applications (if any) at which the research is directed; and
• sets out the approach taken to the research described in later chapters.
* Literature Review
A literature review serves two purposes: it places the work to be described in an appropriate context in the wider spectrum of published scientific research; and it shows the examiner that you are familiar with the literature in your field.
It is not sufficient merely to show that you have a grasp of the subject matter; you must also demonstrate that you have read the relevant literature by citing the authors of the information that you are presenting. A literature review which does not cite or reference the authors of the appropriate literature is not Acceptable.
Cite the original source of the information, usually a paper in a scientific journal. Avoid, where possible, citing undergraduate textbooks; NEVER cite course notes. If you have to cite an internet website, make sure that you give the date on which it was last updated, and the date that you accessed the information.
It is essential, when you refer to other people's work, to give full details of where you obtained the information. Non-compliance with this requirement may result in your work being open to a charge of plagiarism.
The preferred method of referencing the work of others is by numbered source notes: a number (either in square brackets or superscripted) is placed in the text wherever you are referring to another person's work; this number, together with full details of the work cited, appears in the References chapter. e.g.
The band structure of electrons in solids arises from the diffraction of electrons by the crystal lattice [1].
The band structure of electrons in solids arises from the diffraction of electrons by the crystal lattice1.
Note: the number always comes before the full stop; there is a space between a word and a bracketed number but no space between a word and a superscripted number.
• Published work should be cited in numerical order (when being cited for the first time), e.g.
Research on the effect of dislocation movement on ordering was carried out by Jones [5]; further work on mechanical properties was carried out by Smith [6].
Research on the effect of dislocation movement on ordering was carried out by Jones [6]; further work on mechanical properties was carried out by Smith [5].
• If you refer to a research paper again later in your thesis, use the same number again, e.g.
The mechanical properties of gold-palladium were investigated by Brown et al. [47] and by Smith [6].
Here is a lnk from the University Library that provides advice on this(?)
* Experimental Procedures
This should describe material preparation techniques and any apparatus which you have constructed, and should detail the laboratory equipment which you have used. Where apparatus has been built in-house or may be unfamiliar to the reader, provide a photograph or other relevant graphic. Mention the brand name of commercially produced equipment and also the operating conditions: e.g.
Transmission electron microscopy was carried out using a JEOL 200CX transmission electron microscope at an accelerating voltage of 200kV.
* Results
Results should be presented in as clear and complete a fashion as possible. Give the reader enough information to appraise your research.
• Points plotted on a graph are not sufficient - explain how they were arrived at. e.g.
The points on the following graph represent the average of ten measurements.
• Error bars give a useful indication of the spread of data or the standard deviation, but once again be clear, e.g.
The points on the following graph represent the average of five measurements; bars indicate the maximum and minimum of these five measurements.
The points on the following graph represent the average of fifteen measurements; error bars show calculated standard deviation.
• Beware of the following when preparing graphs and analysing data:
* Joining up your data points with a line to make a nice smooth curve –
• this means that you are quite sure that any new data points will always fall on your line.
* Calculating a standard deviation on a small data sampling - use of standard deviation requires a statistically significant number of readings.
• Tables, graphs and micrographs should all have captions, e.g. Table 1: Bulk hardness of gold alloys.
Figure 13: Graph of resistance vs. temperature for ruthenium 43.7 at.% aluminium.
• Figures should be mentioned in the text,
Figure 3 shows that the influence of temperature on the resistance of ruthenium 43.7 at.% aluminium is not as pronounced as for ruthenium 50 at.% aluminium.
• Refer to figures in numerical order.
• Micrographs must have micron markers!! These should be placed in the bottom right hand corner, and be of a uniform size relative to the micrographs. If you wish to compare two micrographs they should be at the same magnification. The figure caption should explain why you have bothered to show the micrograph. e.g. Figure 5: Scanning electron micrograph of the surface of gold-palladium after five sliding wear traversals, showing slip lines adjacent to the wear track.
* Discussion
This is probably the most important chapter in the report. It must show the reader that:
• you understand the work that you have carried out;
• you recognise any limitations in your work or any anomalies that may have arisen; and,
• you are able to make a reasoned analysis of your results; and that you are able to draw valid conclusions.
* Conclusions
This should comprise a brief overview of the important conclusions of your work, including any significance which they may have (applications in industry, scientific interest etc.).
* Future work
Did your research give leads towards future research? Where should any future research go from here? Give future researchers the benefit of your advice!
* References
This chapter comprises a numbered list of the works which you have cited, in the order in which they are mentioned in your thesis. (A bibliography is simply a list of books or papers which you have read, and has no place in a research report). Each reference should contain sufficient information for the reader to locate the reference independently. Set references out exactly as follows:
A paper in a scientific journal:
1. W L Bragg, Cambridge Phil. Soc. 17, 43 (1913).
(where 17 is the volume number and 43 is the page number)
A book:
2. A Cottrell, Introduction to the Modern Theory of Metals, Institute of Metals, London (1988).
(where -Institute of Metals- is the publisher and London is the place of publication)
• Talk to your supervisor!
• Have a look at previous ENGG411reports, to get an idea of what is expected (but make sure that you look at good ones.)
Setting up your document - Choose a clear font.
- Use 1½ spacing (single spacing is difficult to mark; double wastes paper).
This is a report, not an essay. The objective is to communicate information to the reader, not to amuse or to entertain. Take note of the style of papers in scientific journals. Write in the passive voice, not in the FIRST person or the SECOND person. e.g.
The result was obtained. (passive) NOT
I obtained the result. (first person)
You get this result. (second person).
• Use correct English
a metal such as gold NOT
a metal like gold
• Watch the structure of your writing . One idea per paragraph is a good general rule.
• Do not use abbreviations unless they have first been written out in full, e.g.
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used...
Microstructure was examined using TEM...
• The elements do not take a capital letter when written in full, e.g. platinum, gold. The abbreviations are capitalised, e.g. Pt, Au. When the elements appear in the text (i.e. in a sentence rather than on a graph or in a table) it is better to write the name out in full, e.g.
The oxidation resistance of platinum... NOT
The oxidation resistance of Pt ...
• When mentioned in the text, -figure- does not take a capital letter e.g. shown in figure 3
OR shown in fig. 3
NOT shown in Figure 3.
• Graphs are always y vs. x, i.e. (dependent variable) vs. (independent variable).
• Always use SI units.
• Check correct journal abbreviations in the science citation index.
• A J Smith and P Jones = Smith and Jones A J Smith, P Jones and K Bloggs = Smith et al.
- Use a spell anf Grammar checker
- Get someone else to proof-read.
Good luck!

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