Case study 1: Residence and source
Kit is a permanent resident of Australia. He was born in Chile and retains his Chilean citizenship. Kit spends most of the year working off the coast of Indonesia on an oil rig for a United States company. He was recruited for this job in Australia and signed a contract with the company here. For the last four years, Kit's wife has lived in Australia with their two children. They purchased a home in Australia three years ago. Kit and his wife have a joint bank account with Westpac Bank. Kit's salary is paid directly into his account. All of the family's other investments, including a share portfolio that generates dividend income, remain in Chile. Kit gets one month off from work every third month and, on these occasions, he meets with his family either in Australia or on holidays around South America (usually in Chile where his parents reside).
Discuss whether Kit is a resident of Australia and how his salary and investment income would be taxed (10 marks, max. 1000 words).
Case study 2: ordinary income
Explanations of the respective outcomes reached by the courts in the following cases which all involving sales of land:
L Californian Copper Syndicate Ltd v Harris (Surveyor of Taxes) (1904) 5 TC 159
IL Scottish Australian Mining Co Ltd v FC of T (1950) 81 CLR 188
III. FC of T v Whitfords Beach Pty Ltd (1982) 150 CLR
IV. Statham & Anor v FC of T89 ATC 4070
V. Casimav v FC of T97 ATC 5135
VI. Moana Sand PO, Ltd v FC of T 88 ATC 4897
VII. Crow v FC of T 88 ATC 4620
VIII. McCurry & Anor v FC of T 98 ATC 4487
(10 marks, max. 1000 words).