Assessment Task – Tutorial Questions
Unit Code: HI5017
Unit Name: Managerial Accounting
Assignment: Tutorial Questions
Due: Week 13 – Wednesday 24th February, 2021
Total Assignment Marks: 50 marks
Purpose: This assignment is designed to assess your level of knowledge of the key topics covered in this unit
Unit Learning Outcomes Assessed:
1. Synthesize and critically analyse information from various sources and provide recommendations to improve the operations of organisations through the application of management accounting techniques;
2. Critically evaluate the various approaches to performance measurement and control in various types of organisations, and devise and evaluate indicators of performance.
3. Demonstrate the need for a balance between financial and non-financial information in decision making, control and performance evaluation applications of management accounting.
4. Analyse a company’s financial statements and/or management reports and identify the strengths and weaknesses of the company and articulate these to the various stakeholders.
Description: Each week students were provided with three tutorial questions of varying degrees of difficulty. These tutorial questions are available in the Tutorial Folder for each week on Blackboard. The Interactive Tutorials are designed to assist students with the process, skills and knowledge to answer the provided tutorial questions. Your task is to answer a selection of tutorial questions and submit these answers in a single document.
The questions to be answered are:
Question 1 - Week 3 (11 marks)
Ola Ltd, which uses a job costing system, had two jobs in process at the start of the year: Job L1 ($68,000) and Job L2 ($30 000). The following information is available:
i) The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine hours. Budgeted overhead and machine activity for the year were anticipated to be $1,000,000 and 25,000 hours, respectively.
ii) The company worked on three jobs during the first quarter (i.e. from 1 January to 31 March). Direct materials used, direct labour incurred and machine hours consumed were as shown in the following table:
Job numbers Direct material Direct labour Machine hours
L1 $15,000 $30,000 900
L2 - 33,000 1,600
L3 45,000 65,000 2,000
iii) Manufacturing overhead incurred during the first quarter was $215,000. iv) Ola Ltd completed Job L1 and Job L2 during the first quarter. Job L2 was sold on credit, producing a profit of $30,000 for the company.
a) Calculate the company’s predetermined overhead rate. (2 marks)
b) Calculate manufacturing overhead applied to production for the first quarter. (2 marks)
c) Determine the cost of jobs completed in the first quarter. (5 marks)
d) Determine the cost of the jobs still in process at the end of the first quarter. (2 marks)
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Question 2 - Week 4 (7 marks)
Dream Limited manufactures ice cream. The company employs a process costing system for its manufacturing operations. All direct materials are added at the beginning of the process and conversion costs are incurred uniformly throughout the process. The company’s production quantity schedule for January is as follow:
Work in process on 1 January (55% complete as to conversion) 8,000
Units started during January 11,000
Total units to account for
Units from beginning work in process, which were completed and
transferred out during January 8,000
Unit started and completed in January 6,000
Work in process on 31 January (35% complete as to conversion)
Total units to account for
a) Calculate each of the following amounts:
i. Equivalent units of direct material during January. Use the FIFO method. (1.5 marks)
ii. Equivalent units of conversion during January. Use the FIFO method. (1.5 marks)
iii. Equivalent units of direct material during January. Use the weighted average method. (1 mark)
iv. Equivalent units of conversion during January. Use the weighted average method. (1 mark)
b) Explain the major difference between weighted average and FIFO method in process costing systems (2 marks).
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Question 3 Week 5 (7 marks)
North-South Pole Company produces two products, a jacket suitable for adventure-seeking people (Spirit) and a jacket for less-adventurous people (Companion).
Production and Sales per year 20,000 units (Spirit) & 5,000 units (Companion)
Direct labour 3.5 hours per unit (both)
Direct labour cost $32.00 per hour
Estimated annual manufacturing overhead $285,000
Direct materials $180 per unit (both)
Breakdown of overhead rates
Activity Cost Pools Estimated Overhead Expected Use of Cost Drivers per Activity Activity Based Overhead Rates
Machine set-up $ 40,000 200 $? per set-up
Sewing $135,000 37,500 machine hours (MH) $? per MH
Inspection $ 25,000 1000 $? per inspection
The breakdown between the two products for assigning overheads are as follows:
Product No. of Set-ups Sewing Inspections
Spirit 105 23,500 500
Companion 95 14,000 500
From the following information, calculate the unit costs for “Spirit” and “Companion” using both the traditional method of costing (i.e. manufacturing overhead rate is based on units produced), and Activity based Costing. (7 marks)
Question 4 - Week 8 (7 marks)
Wattle Limited has two divisions: Industry and Consumer. The Industry Division transfers partially completed components to the Consumer Division at a predetermined transfer price. The Industry Division’s standard variable production cost per unit is $500. This division could sell all its components to outside buyers at $650 per unit in a perfectly competitive market.
The Consumer Division has a special offer of $740 for its product. The Consumer Division incurs variable costs of $260 in addition to the transfer price for the Industry Division’s components. Both Industry and Consumer divisions currently have spare production capacity.
a) Determine a transfer price using the general transfer pricing rule. (2 marks)
b) Assume that the transfer price has been set at $530, is the Consumer Division manager likely to want to accept or reject the special offer? Why? (3 marks)
c) Is the decision in the best interests of Wattle Limited as a whole? Explain. (2 marks)
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Question 5 - Week 10 (11 marks)
You are the chief financial analyst of Hercules Manufacturing Limited. The company manufactures bowls and has been planning to aggressively expand its sales into the Middle Eastern markets. You have been tasked to analyse its reports using CVP and provide explanations to the Director, Tierra Muller.
The operating statement relating to the month ended September 30, 2019 of Hercules Manufacturing Limited is as follows:
Sales (22,000 units) 3,300
Direct materials 726
Direct labour 374
Production overheads 798
Gross profit 1,402
Selling overheads 1,042
Net profit 360
The variable production overheads were $9 per unit while the variable selling overheads were $11 per unit.
a) Calculate the contribution margin per unit. (1.5 marks)
b) Calculate the breakeven sales in units, and provide one explanation on the usefulness of breakeven sales information. (2.5 marks)
c) Calculate the margin of safety in dollars and provide one explanation on the usefulness of margin of safety information. (2.5 marks)
d) The company has a capacity of 30,000 units per year. Management is not happy with the financial performance for the last year, and one course of action for the coming year were proposed in the recent management meeting:
• The sales manager believed that unit volume would increase by 30% with the incurrence of $200,000 on advertising.
Prepare a CVP income statement for the alternative (showing columns for totals only). Would you recommend this alternative and why? (3 marks)
e) The company has a target net income of $750,000. Assume additional advertising costs will be incurred, what is the required sales in dollars for the company to meet its target? (1.5 marks)
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Question 6 - Week 11 (7 marks)
Heath Production manufactures chairs. Several weeks ago, the company received an enquiry from Rose Limited. Rose wants to market a foldable chair similar to one of Heath’s, and has offered to purchase 11 000 units if the offer can be completed in three months. The cost data for Heath’s foldable chair is as follow:
Direct material $16.40
Direct labour (0.125 @ $36 per hour) 4.50
Total manufacturing overhead 20.00
The normal selling price of Heath’s foldable chair is $53.00. However, Rose has offered Heath only $31.50 because of the large quantity it is willing to purchase. Rose requires a modification of the design that will allow a $4.20 reduction in direct material cost.
The production manager of Heath notes that the company will incur $7400 in additional setup costs and will have to purchase a $4800 special equipment to manufacturing the units for Rose. The equipment will be discarded once the special order is completed.
Total manufacturing overhead costs are applied to production at the rate of $40 per machine hour. The figure is based, in part, on budgeted annual fixed overhead of $1 500 000 and planned production activity of 60 000 machine hours (5000 hours per month).
Rose will allocate $3600 of existing fixed administrative costs to the order as “part of the cost of doing business”.
a) Which of the data above should be ignored in making the special order decision? For what reason?
b) Assume that Heath’s present sales will not be affected by the special order, should the order be accepted from the financial point of view? Show calculation. (4 marks)
c) Assume that Heath’s current production activity 80 per cent of planned machine hours, can the company accept the order and meet Rose’s deadline? Explain. (2 marks)
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The assignment has to be submitted via Blackboard. Each student will be permitted one submission to Blackboard only. Each student needs to ensure that the document submitted is the correct one.
Holmes Institute is committed to ensuring and upholding Academic Integrity, as Academic Integrity is integral to maintaining academic quality and the reputation of Holmes’ graduates. Accordingly, all assessment tasks need to comply with academic integrity guidelines. Table 1 identifies the six categories of Academic Integrity breaches. If you have any questions about Academic Integrity issues related to your assessment tasks, please consult your lecturer or tutor for relevant referencing guidelines and support resources. Many of these resources can also be found through the Study Skills link on Blackboard.
Academic Integrity breaches are a serious offence punishable by penalties that may range from deduction of marks, failure of the assessment task or unit involved, suspension of course enrolment, or cancellation of course enrolment.
Table 1: Six categories of Academic Integrity breaches
Plagiarism Reproducing the work of someone else without attribution. When a student submits their own work on multiple occasions this is known as self-plagiarism.
Collusion Working with one or more other individuals to complete an assignment, in a way that is not authorised.
Copying Reproducing and submitting the work of another student, with or without their knowledge. If a student fails to take reasonable precautions to prevent their own original work from being copied, this may also be considered an offence.
Impersonation Falsely presenting oneself, or engaging someone else to present as oneself, in an in-person examination.
Contract cheating Contracting a third party to complete an assessment task, generally in exchange for money or other manner of payment.
Data fabrication and falsification Manipulating or inventing data with the intent of supporting false conclusions, including manipulating images.
Source: INQAAHE, 2020
If any words or ideas used the assignment submission do not represent your original words or ideas, you must cite all relevant sources and make clear the extent to which such sources were used.
In addition, written assignments that are similar or identical to those of another student is also a violation of the Holmes Institute’s Academic Conduct and Integrity policy. The consequence for a violation of this policy can incur a range of penalties varying from a 50% penalty through suspension of enrolment. The penalty would be dependent on the extent of academic misconduct and your history of academic misconduct issues.
All assessments will be automatically submitted to Self Assign to assess their originality.
For further information and additional learning resources please refer to your Discussion Board for the unit.