Final drafting: organize your research by topic (some of you incorporated it into your outline -- that's great!) To write: put your thesis statement on the screen. Do not write an introduction at this time! Then pick a topic (any topic from any part of the paper!) and using your research, write the paper. Do not edit as you write -- just write! VERBAL VOMIT!! Write in 20 minute increments (17.5 is the actual time you are shooting for). Then stop and take at least a ten minute break. The brain cannot realistically write for more than 20 minutes at a time. It should take you about four writing sessions, or less, to draft the paper. when you have reached the last topic, do not write a conclusion. Print the paper and set it aside.
After you draft, sit on it for at least three days. Then, with a pen, read it out loud from the paper. This is HUGE and will greatly improve your grade. Â You will catch all sorts of errors and mistakes. Edit on paper and then on the screen. Now, write your introduction -- you will find that you will not include those horrible -since the dawn of time- fluff sentences you have used in the past. Now, write your conclusion -- in order to do so, answer the question: what is the point or message of this paper? This is called THEME. This is the conclusion.
Let me be very clear: DO NOT RESTATE THE THESIS in your conclusion. The reader has already read the paper and does not need to know what the paper is about. In restating the thesis you are either insulting your reader as not able to know what your paper is about OR insulting yourself: that your paper was so poorly written you have to remind the reader what it was about. You want to leave the reader with the THEME: the message or point you are making.
FEMINISM IN CINEMA AND TELEVISION POST 1970
Thesis: Underrepresentation of women in the television and film industry cuts across race, ethnicity and diversity both in front and behind the camera. There clearly has been improvement over time but there are still wide margins between male counterparts both in skills and remuneration.
I. Unequal pay
Catt Sadler’s resignation due to salary disparity with her male cohost.
In 2015 the difference between the paycheck of the world’s top male actor and actress was $28millon.
II. Recognized skills.
Rachael Morrison becomes first female cinematographer nominated for an Oscar.
Kathryn Bigelow becomes the first female director to win an Oscar in 2010.
III. The ‘ME TOO’ movement has highlighted sexually predator in the film industry and cause wild accusations and counter accusations and opened the door for litigation.
Women clearly have moved up the ladder but have not reached the pinnacle, a lot is being said about training a woman and domicile rewards but more should be said and done about giving equal opportunities.
Aronson, Pamela. “Feminists or ‘Postfeminists’?: Young Women's Attitudes toward Feminism
and Gender Relations.” Vol. 17, no. 6, 2003, pp. 903–922. JSTOR,
www.jstor.org/stable/3594676. Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
This entry addresses how young women feel about feminism in the “postfeminism” generation. It talks about the media and popular culture from the 1990s all the up until its release in 2003. It talks about how young women view obstacles in life and what they do to overcome those obstacles in comparison to what their mothers may have or women from previous generations. The information is presented in chronological order and goes by each wave of feminism is it happened in history with different pieces of evidence from that time period. The author also adds her own commentary to her extensive research where she cites numerous other authors and academics alike.
Clark Mane, Rebecca L. “Transmuting Grammars of Whiteness in Third-Wave Feminism:
Interrogating Postrace Histories, Postmodern Abstraction, and the Proliferation of
Difference in Third-Wave Texts.” Signs, vol. 38, no. 1, 2012, pp. 71–98. JSTOR,
www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/665810. Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
This entry does an amazing job of providing ample evidence in differentiating the experiences of women when it comes to feminism. The bright line between what is white feminism and how western ideals have coopted and appropriated the undermining message behind feminism. The author explains how different types of feminism cannot be collapse under another because of how distinctive they are. This information is very useful and will be inserted in my essay where I address the downfalls of feminism. This source was published in 2012, so even though the recent talks of race stemming from #BLM movements had not happened yet, it is interesting to read on the first stages of the then up and coming movement.
Coombe, Jacqueline, and Shannon N. Davis. “Gender Differences in the Influence of Television
on Gender Ideology? Tv Hours and Attitudes toward Employed Mothers 1988 - 2008.”
Vol. 39, no. 2, 2013, pp. 205–223. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/43496469. Accessed 25
This article does a great job in capturing the changing role of th eworking mother in media and film for a twenty-year period from 1988 – 2008. This is intriguing because most of the new cases and allegations of sexual assault that have been revealed in the news happened during this era. For example, Bill Cosby and Harvey Weinstein who have been accused of sexual misconduct were both involved in projects that were produced during this time period. The author speaks on the on screen relationship between mother and mother and child and how what was on the television pioneered how women were treated in society.
Feely, Abigail. “Picturing an Alternate Ending: Teaching Feminism and Social Change with
‘The Paper Bag Princess.’” Vol. 46, no. 4, 2013, pp. 589–600. JSTOR,
www.jstor.org/stable/43264160. Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
This article talks about the sexualization of feminism and how modern-day feminism
sometimes can be masqueraded with fidelity. It also talks about a book, The Paper Bag Princess, that documents the journey of feminism into the mainstream. It retells the typical story of a princess but instead with a powerful and protagonist heroine. It then goes on to talk about the academic discourse for the following thirty years that was sparked by The Paper Bag Princess. The book was published in the early seventies, so the analysis done in the entry extends through the new millennium.
Hammett, Jennifer. “The Ideological Impediment: Feminism and Film Theory.” Cinema Journal,
vol. 36, no. 2, 1997, pp. 85–99. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1225776. Accessed 25 Feb.
This piece of evidence is a critical analysis of film in the mainstream media and how it
has changed. Specifically, Hammett questions the epistemology of feminist film theory, which can be described how people know what we know and the origins of information. She talks about how feminists were so quick to embrace the ideology and ideal of being a part of a movement that individuals put their own opinions before what the collective thought as a whole. This can be used in my essay by confirming that Feminist film theorist are truthful when they say our understanding of the world is socially constructed, so it will always be contingent.
Kaplan, E. Ann. “Global Feminisms and the State of Feminist Film Theory.” Signs, vol. 30, no.
1, 2004, pp. 1236–1248. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/421879. Accessed 25
This journal talks about feminism on a world-wide scale. Being published in 2004, it was in recent years of the aftermath of 9/11, so xenophobia swept through the masses and certain cultural groups were ostracized. This would result in a divergence in the feminist movement and the rise of white feminism that is addressed in one of the sources above. Kaplan shares her fear of four challenges future feminisms face because of the history of feminism. She goes back to the 1970s and so on giving her own analysis of the problems with each generation along the way.
Kirkpatrick, Jennet. “Introduction: Selling Out? Solidarity and Choice in the American Feminist
Movement.” Vol. 8, no. 1, 2010, pp. 241–245. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/25698531.
Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
This article in a symposium gives insight on an unpopular opinion: women who don’t
want to be feminists. It addresses how other women may attack and oust those who don’t
want to partake in the feminist movement or have a neutral stance one the issue. This is
great for my essay because I am a male, so it would better my understanding of those
who don’t necessarily have a stance on the movement. It was published in 2010 so the
information is not outdated and is going to me very useful.
Mahrouse, Gada. “Teaching Intersectional and Transnational Feminisms through Fiction and
Film.” Feminist Teacher, vol. 26, no. 2-3, 2016, pp. 233–239. JSTOR,
www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/femteacher.26.2-3.0233. Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
This source explains the differences and similarities between intersectional and transnational feminism. The author organizes the article by first defining the two words and continuing with different opinions of other authors whilst adding her own analyzation. She explains how both words have changed meanings over time and how they’re thrown around with little understating or the actual meaning and origins. She gives the example if an Indian film that explores the subject matter she speaks on. The article is fairly recent being published in 2016, so it captures most of the changes that have taken place involving feminism in recent years.
Mennel, Barbara. “From Utopian Collectivity to Solitary Precarity: Thirty Years of Feminist
Theory and the Cinema of Women's Work.” Women in German Yearbook, vol. 30, 2014,
pp. 125–137. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5250/womgeryearbook.30.2014.0125.
Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
This source talks about how feminism in cinema has evolved over a thirty-year period. Being released recently, the article is full or accurate details of different movies and films that portray female characters as the lead or how they incorporate the character into the plot. The author organizes her thought in chronological order, so it is easy to navigate and understand.
Showden, Carisa R. “Frontiers: A Journal of women Studies.” Vol. 30, no. 2, 2009, pp. 166–198.
JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40388740. Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
Carisa Showden pieces together a series of analysis and explanation of the new waves of feminism that have taken place in modernity. She defines and goes into depth on newly
Formulated words and terms such as political identity, feminist literary theory, gender
Binaries, and more. Though published in 2009, the source still captures a majority of the current ideals and ideologies that new adaptations feminism has developed, especially
feminism in social firstname.lastname@example.org