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Case Study
Charlie, a 75-year old overweight man, has arrived at the general practice clinic where you are currently working. He is breathless, has visible peripheral oedema, and tachycardia. Two years ago Charlie was diagnosed with chronic heart failure as a result of ischaemic cardiomyopathy and hypertension but states that in the past few days he has felt increasingly unwell.
Based on the case, choose three references from the reference list below which you believe best summarise the evidence for the management of Charlie’s condition.
References
Faris, R. F., Flather, M., Purcell, H., Poole–Wilson, P. A., & Coates, A. J. S. (2006). Diuretics for heart failure. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2006(1), 1-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003838.pub2
Gorthi, J., Huntera, C. B., Mooss , A. N., Alla, V. M., & Hilleman, D. E. (2014). Reducing heart failure hospital readmissions: A systematic review of disease management programs. Cardiology Research, 5, 126-138. http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/cr362w
Guo, R., Pittler, M., & Ernst, E. (2008). Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2008(1), 1-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD005312.pub2
McMurray, J. J., Adamopoulos, S., Anker, S., Auricchio, A., Bohm, M., Dickstein, K., … Zeiher, A. (2012). ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012. European Heart Journal, 33, 1787-1847. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfs105
Molloy, G. J., O'Carroll, R. E., Witham, M. D., & McMurdo, M. E. T. (2012). Interventions to enhance adherence to medications in patients with heart failure: A systematic review. Circulation Heart Failure, 5, 126-133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.111.964569
Murray, M. D., Tu, W., Wu, J., Morrow, D., Smith, F., & Brater, D. C. (2009). Factors associated with exacerbation of heart failure include treatment adherence and health literacy skills. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 85, 651-658. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/clpt.2009.7
Rees, K., Dyakova, M., Wilson, N., Ward, K., Thorogood, M., & Brunner, E. (2013). Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013(12), 1-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002128.pub5
Sagar, V. A., Davies, E. J., Briscoe, S., Coates, A. J. S., Dalal, H. M., Lough, F., … Taylor, R. S. (2015). Exercise-based rehabilitation for heart failure: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart, 2, 1-12. Retrieved from http://openheart.bmj.com/content/openhrt/2/1/e000163.full.pdf
Strömberg, A., Mårtensson, J., Fridlund, B., Levin, L-A., Karlsson, J-E., & Dahlström, U. (2003). Nurse-led heart failure clinics improve survival and self-care behaviour in patients with heart failure: Results from a prospective, randomised trial. European Heart Journal, 24, 1014-1023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0195-668X(03)00112-X
Takeda, A., Taylor, S. J. C., Taylor, R. S., Khan, F., Krum, H., & Underwood, M. (2012). Clinical service organisation for heart failure. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(9), 1-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002752.pub3
Wu, J-R., Corley, D. J., Lennie, T. A., & Moser, D. K. (2012). Effect of a medication-taking behavior feedback theory-based intervention on outcomes in patients with heart failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 18(1), 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2011.09.006
http://openheart.bmj.com/content/2/1/e000163

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