COIS23001 – Network Security
Assessment Item 1 Suggested Solution — Assignment 1
Due date: Friday 5pm, Week 6, 24th April ASSESSMENT
Weighting: 40% 1
Note: Attempt all questions
Your assignment must be in Microsoft Word format, and must be submitted electronically by the due date via the Moodle website
Question 1 (5 marks)
Note: for this question, you need to download a PCAP file located in the course Moodle web site.
Peter is the Network Security Manager for a small spare parts business. The organisation uses an e-sales application to provide a front-end for its e-sales business. Customers are complaining that in the last two or three days the system has become very slow, taking them longer than normal to place their orders. This information has been corroborated by staff complaining that they are not happy with the slow response of the system to complete their daily activities. Peter suspects that the system has been the target of criminal hands and before he starts responding to the attack, he decides to investigate the issue a little further. First, he reviews the firewall logs and notices something abnormal in the type of traffic directed to a number of internal hosts including the organisation’s web server. Curious about this traffic, Peter uses Wireshark to capture a trace of the traffic. [A section of this trace can be accessed from the course Moodle web site].
Based on the above fictional scenario and the provided PCAP:
(a) Identify the anomaly in the traffic this organisation is going through (1/2 Mark). What sort of evidence do you have to make this claim? (1. 0 Marks).
(b) What sort of utility or tool do you think the “attacker” is using to conduct this attack? (1/2 mark)
(c) Provide the IP address of the host used by the perpetrator (1/2 Mark). Based on this information, what can you tell about the profile of this individual? Explain why (1.5 Marks).
(d) What Wireshark filter do you think Peter used to produce the given PCAP? Explain why (1 Mark).
(Note: One to three lines for each answer is sufficient length to get full marks)
Question 2 (10 marks)
You are the system’s administrator of Reliable Power Supplies (RPS), a medium sized company that builds UPSs and switched power supplies for the computing industry. Your task is the analysis, design and configuration of a Firewall System that secures the inbound and outbound traffic at RPS. After conducting the needs analysis you have a clear picture of the type of firewall system that best suits RPS.
In the internal network, there is a special host (192.168.1.253/28) running an application that would be disastrous if it was compromised. Therefore for your design, you opt for a dual firewall system that you believe is the best option for this specific case. You also go for a demilitarized zone (Network Address 10.0.0.0/24) containing the e-mail (10.0.0.20/24) and Web services (10.0.0.30/24) of the company.
Apart from providing NAT services and Packet Filtering, the first firewall (part of the dual configuration) acts as a Web and FTP Proxy server. This first firewall is connected to the Internet via 188.8.131.52/25 and to the DMZ via 10.0.0.10/24.
The second firewall is used to filter traffic between the internal network and the DMZ. It is connected via 10.0.0.254/24 to the DMZ and via 192.168.1.254/28 to the internal network.
The internal network address is 192.168.1.240/28.
The security policy requirements used to configure the firewalls are outlined as follows.
RPS Web server contains public information including a product catalogue that is accessible to Internet users and it also provides secure online purchasing functionality using SSL/TLS. The internal users are also allowed to access all RPS WWW services; however they are allowed to access Internet WWW and FTP services only via the proxy located on the first firewall via port 3028.
As mentioned, the internal network has a special host (192.168.1.253/28) which has complete access to any host and any services without using proxy services configured in the first firewall system. The remaining internal hosts must go via proxy on first firewall.
The security policy requirements also dictate the e-mail server to receive from and send messages to hosts on the Internet and the internal users; however these internal users are to retrieve their messages via IMAP.
Any other service which is not explicitly outlined in the security policy should be restricted from RPS network.
A. Provide a network layout (network diagram) showing all the components of RPS network including both firewalls, the email and web servers, the DMZ, and all the internal hosts (Note that you should draw all the internal hosts. The number of internal hosts can be found from the internal network address given above). Ensure you label all hosts (servers, internal computers and firewalls) with appropriate names and write the IP addresses for each network interface.
Marking (4 Marks):
2.0 Marks for including all components of the network
2.0 Marks for labeling all hosts with names and respective IP addresses
B. You are required to develop two sets of rules for the dual firewall. One will process traffic travelling between the Internet to the DMZ and Intranet. The other will process traffic travelling between the Intranet and the DMZ. You need to also explain what each rule does. You should complete the following four (4) tables, adding rows where necessary.
Table 1 Internet Rules (Firewall 1)
Rule Protocol Transport protocol Source IP Source Port Destination IP Destination Port Action
Table 2 Internet Rules Explanations (Firewall 1)
Rule Number Explanation
Table 3 Intranet / DMZ rules (Firewall 2)
Rule Protocol Transport protocol Source IP Source Port Destination IP Destination Port Action
Table 4 Intranet/DMZ Rule Explanations (Firewall 2)
Marking (6 Marks):
1.5 Marks for meeting the requirements of the Internet rules
1.5 Marks for the descriptions of the Internet rules
1.5 Marks for meeting the requirements of the Intranet/DMZ rules
1.5 Marks for the descriptions of the Intranet/DMZ rules
Question 3 (10 marks)
DNS and ARP poisoning attacks are similar; however there are fundamental differences between the two. You are to research these specific differences contrasting the way the attacks are conducted and some of the countermeasures available. Ensure you use at least three in-text academic references to contrast these attacks (include neither your textbook nor Wikipedia in these references. Failure to do so may not give you marks).
Remember that you are not to repeat in your research what DNS and ARP poisoning attacks are. We already know that from our discussions in class. In writing about the differences between the two types of attacks, contrast for example the complexity of the attacks (which one is easy to conduct and why), the impact (consequences) of the attacks, which one is more common and the different mechanisms available to counter the attacks. Write no more than 300 words (about a page including in-text references).
Marking (10 Marks):
2.5 Marks for contrasting the complexity of the two type of attacks
2.5 Marks for contrasting the impact (consequences) of the attacks
2.5 Marks for contrasting the countermeasures
2.5 Marks for the format of the writing (referencing, grammar and structure)
Question 4: [10 marks]
Based on this background information and your personal research, please address the following issues associated with the SOP and CORS policies.
a) Using the CQU domain (www.cqu.edu.au) explain and provide your own illustrative example of how the SOP policy works
b) Assume that in the CQU server you have an html page (your_homePage.html) identified by the URL: www.cqu.edu.au/your_homePage.html
Provide two examples of URLs (web links) found in your_homePage.html for which the retrieval of the documents is allowed. Similarly, provide two examples of URLs (web links) in your_homePage.html for which the retrieval of the documents is denied. Use the following table to provide the URLs and give the reasons for the outcome of the retrieval of the pages.
Your examples (URLs) Retrieval Allow/Deny Explain the reason
c) In your own words explain the concept behind the CORS policy
d) Using the two examples given above where the retrieval of the pages was denied, explain the interaction on how the access would be enabled using CORS. Make sure that in describing the interaction the Origin and the Access-Control-Allow-Origin are used in the HTTP headers.
a) 2 marks (1 mark correct explanation, 1 mark example)
b) 2 marks (½ mark for each correct table entry and correct explanation )
c) 2 marks (allocated based on quality and correctness)
d) 4 mark (2 marks for each interaction example)
Incorrect referencing – Loss of marks depends on severity of the offence. Plagiarism will be referred to CQU authorities for investigation and possible academic penalty.
Question 5: (5 marks)
In this hypothetical case study, you should use the Internet to assist you in developing responses to three questions. Use of the text only is not sufficient to attract full marks.
SafeBank recently received a series of reports from customers concerning security breaches in online banking. Customers reported having money transferred from their accounts, usually after they have found that their password has changed. A full security audit revealed that the money transfers and changes to user passwords all originated from an Eastern European country on servers within the domain of crazyhackers.com – however – the question remained: how did the hackers undertake the attack?
Given that legitimate account numbers and passwords were used, it was initially assumed that it could be some form of phishing attack. However, no evidence of such emails was found. The only commonality between the victims was that they all used the same ISP.
You are required to answer the following questions. Please reference all sources – do not copy directly from sources.
A. Based on the information provided, what type of attack has been performed? Justify your answer.
Hint: In order to capture account numbers and passwords, how would a hacker “redirect” users to their servers instead of SafeBank’s?
B. Describe in detail how the attack occurred – you may wish to include one or more diagrams. You will need to make assumptions about host names, domains and IP addresses – document these. You need not concern yourself with the technical details of the capture and reuse of SafeBank’s customer details (eg. Fake web sites/malware) – you are documenting how it was possible from a network perspective.
C. What steps would you advise to prevent such attacks? What limitations does this form of attack have?
Hint: Would this attack only have to be performed once?
Part A – 1 Mark (½ mark correct identification, ½ mark justification)
Part B – 2 Marks (variable on quality, correctness)
Part C – 1 Mark (1 mark correct prevention, 1 mark Limitations)